bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2020‒01‒12
seven papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. IEEE Int Conf Healthc Inform. 2019 Jun;2019
    He X, Zhang H, Yang X, Guo Y, Bian J.
      Mental health problems are serious among American adults and many of them are turning to the Internet for help. However, online mental health information is not well-organized and in low quality. We are building a mental health knowledge base (MHKB) with evidence-based information extracted from scientific literature manually, but lacking efficiency. We envision to leverage collective wisdoms through crowdsourcing to speed up the curation of MHKB. In order to integrate with crowdsourcing platforms, we designed and prototyped a web-based annotation tool, STAT (Semantic Text Annotation Tool), with real-time annotation recommendation and annotation quality analysis, to facilitate management of laypeople annotators recruited through crowdsourcing to complete the necessary annotation tasks.
    Keywords:  crowdsourcing; knowledge base; mental health; semantic annotation tool
  2. West J Emerg Med. 2019 Dec 19. 21(1): 169-172
    San Miguel CE, Leung C, Kman NE, Bischof J.
      This journal club style curriculum was developed to advance 4th year medical students in Emergency Medicine (EM) Milestone 19. The curriculum was introduced as part of a longitudinal boot camp course for EM- bound students. Students met monthly with faculty members to critically evaluate landmark articles within the field of EM. The curriculum culminated with student group presentations of two contemporary research articles with opposing conclusions. Discussed articles covered the following topics: stroke care, head trauma, cervical spine trauma, pulmonary embolism, cardiology treatments, syncope, post- cardiac arrest care, pediatrics, sepsis, and fluid resuscitation. The curriculum was evaluated using the institution's standard student educational session evaluation form. Students rated the quality of the sessions highly, and based on thematic review of comments, the journal club was a beneficial addition to the boot camp curriculum.
  3. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2019 ;10 1081-1087
    Gokani SA, Sharma E, Sharma T, Moudhgalya SV, Selvendran SS, Aggarwal N.
      Background: Critical appraisal is an important skill for clinicians of the future which medical students often have limited opportunities to develop. This study aimed to evaluate whether a national journal club session could improve medical students' confidence with critical appraisal.Methods: 98 medical students attended a critical appraisal lecture and supervised journal article discussions. Junior doctor mentors supported students to submit discussion points as a letter-to-the-editor. An online cross-sectional survey was administered before and after the conference.
    Results: 74 students responded, reporting increased confidence with critically appraising research articles (median score 2 vs 4, p<0.01) and increased understanding of why critical appraisal was important to their careers (median score 3 vs 5, p<0.01).
    Discussion: This is the first study to demonstrate that a single national journal club session can significantly improve UK medical students' confidence with the critical appraisal process. These opportunities are valued by medical students.
    Keywords:  education; evidence-based medicine; scientific letters
  4. J Med Internet Res. 2020 Jan 10. 22(1): e15148
    Aoun L, Lakkis N, Antoun J.
      BACKGROUND: The literature indicates that Web-based health information seeking is mostly used for seeking information on well-established diseases. However, only a few studies report health information seeking in the absence of a doctor's visit and in the context of acute symptoms.OBJECTIVE: This survey aimed to estimate the prevalence of Web-based health information seeking for acute symptoms and the impact of such information on symptom management and health service utilization.
    METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample of 287 Lebanese adults (with a response rate of 18.5% [54/291]) conducted between December 2016 and June 2017. The survey was answered by participants online or through phone-based interviews.
    RESULTS: A total of 64.3% of the participants (178/277) reported checking the internet for health information when they had an acute symptom. The rate of those who sought to use Web-based health information first when experiencing acute symptom(s) in the past 12 months was 19.2% (25/130). In addition, 50% (9/18) visited the doctor because of the obtained information, and the rest self-medicated or sought a pharmacist's advice; the majority (18/24, 75%) improved within 3-4 days.
    CONCLUSIONS: Higher education level and trust in Web-based medical information were two major predictors of Web-based health information seeking for acute symptoms. Seeking Web-based health information first for acute symptoms is common and may lead to self-management by avoiding a visit to the physician. Physicians should encourage their patients to discuss Web-based health information and guide them toward trusted online websites.
    Keywords:  acute disease; acute symptoms; health information; internet
  5. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2019 Dec 26. pii: S1551-7411(19)30459-0. [Epub ahead of print]
    Burghle A, Abrahamsen B, Lundby C, Rossing C, Hansen RN, Nørgaard LS, Pottegård A.
      BACKGROUND: Customers are commonly seeking information, e.g. via the internet, to achieve information on health, diseases, and treatment options. However, little is known about customers' information seeking behavior prior to community pharmacy visits.OBJECTIVE: To quantify and describe customers' information seeking behavior prior to community pharmacy visits, and to describe how pharmacy staff utilize information obtained by customers.
    METHODS: Six Danish community pharmacies collected data on customers' information seeking behavior through an online survey for five days in a three week-period in November 2018. Customers were asked about their information seeking behavior regarding their errand at the pharmacy that specific day, what kind of information they had sought, which sources they had used, and their motivation for seeking that information. Hereafter, the pharmacy staff recorded whether they confirmed or disconfirmed the information, and whether they used the information in their counselling. The results were reported using descriptive statistics.
    RESULTS: A total of 3424 customers were invited to participate in the study. Among 2623 customers agreeing to participate, 14.4% (n = 377) had obtained information prior to the pharmacy visit. Information seeking was more frequent among younger customers (<40 years: 22%; 40-60 years: 17%; ≥60 years: 10%). Further, women sought information more often (17%) than men (11%). Customers sought information to gain knowledge about self-management (42%), the purchased product (35%), and how others might help (29%). Information was mainly obtained from official sources of health and drug information (44%), Google (41%), and non-pharmacy health care professionals (28%). The information presented by the customer was generally confirmed or integrated into the pharmacy counselling (70%) and only rarely disconfirmed by pharmacy staff (5%).
    CONCLUSION: A total of 14.4% of customers had sought information prior to visiting the community pharmacy. The majority of customers had used reliable sources, and the information was used during pharmacy counselling.
    Keywords:  Health information; Information seeking; Information sources
  6. J Genet Couns. 2020 Jan 07.
    Donahue AE, Hall AL, Petty EM.
      Genetic counseling is a rapidly growing field with increasingly diverse practice settings. The growth of genomics and precision medicine across all medical specialties has been accompanied by corresponding growth in the amount of information available to genetic counselors. However, few published studies on genetic counseling information needs and seeking behaviors exist, and none look at information use across the profession. Meanwhile, a substantial body of research exists on this topic for other healthcare professionals, providing an evidence base supporting profession-tailored information-related services and resources. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore genetic counseling information needs and seeking behaviors and to compare these needs and seeking behaviors across genetic counseling students and genetic counselors broadly, as well as to explore differences across various professional subgroups of genetic counselors. Genetic counselors and genetic counseling students were recruited via the National Society of Genetic Counselors and accredited genetic counseling programs to complete an online survey assessing information needs and seeking behaviors. Respondents were asked how often they used 70 different resources; whether 16 specific situations required additional information and how long it would take to get it and about specific barriers to obtaining that information. The results included a range of observations, including that GeneReviews and PubMed are frequently used resources across all respondents, that genetic counselors working 0-5 years are significantly more likely to need additional information when counseling patients from different cultural backgrounds than those working 6+ years, and that not having enough time is a common barrier to getting information across various situations. These results provide initial evidence to guide additional study on the efficient use and provision of information within the genetic counseling field.
    Keywords:  genetic counseling; genetic counselors; information needs; information-seeking behavior; quantitative research; workforce
  7. Int J Older People Nurs. 2020 Jan 10. e12303
    Haase KR, Sattar S, Holtslander L, Thomas R.
      OBJECTIVE: Older adults with cancer have unique information and supportive care needs. There is a growing body of literature regarding the use of Internet health information, but less is known about the use of the Internet for cancer information amongst older adults with cancer.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of qualitative data from a mixed-methods study of the use of cancer-related Internet information amongst adults with cancer. In the present study, we include transcripts from two samples: 34 interviews with adults over age 55 (n = 17) with cancer, and interviews and focus groups with healthcare professionals (n = 21). Data were analysed using thematic analysis with an interest in age-related themes.
    RESULTS: Our findings are grouped into three main themes: (a) independently augmenting healthcare services and supports; (b) supporting and situating information; and (c) mobilising family and support networks. Patients and healthcare providers described cancer-related Internet information as a beneficial resource to address gaps in information and supplement information from healthcare professionals from diagnosis and throughout treatment. Older adults reported using cancer-related Internet information to manage their cancer experience, although sometimes feeling technologically hesitant. However, healthcare professionals felt older adults were less likely than younger patients to seek cancer information from the Internet.
    CONCLUSION: The use of cancer-related Internet information is growing amongst older adults with cancer. Older adults mobilise technology uniquely. Healthcare professionals can support these efforts by being aware and through initiating dialogue about information preferences.
    Keywords:  cancer; communication; information seeking; internet; older adults