bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2020‒01‒05
twenty-six papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 106-112
    Raszewski R, Peterson J.
      Background: A joint practicum gives library and information science (LIS) students the opportunity to compare two health sciences libraries' structures and workflows. The goal of this case report is to describe how a joint health sciences practicum can help LIS students and recent graduates develop skills that may be beneficial for their future positions in health sciences or other libraries.Case Presentation: Six participants in a joint health sciences library practicum underwent two interviews: the first interview focused on their practicum experiences, and the second interview sought to determine whether the participants had found employment and were using any skills in their new positions that they acquired during their practicums. Participants gave mostly positive feedback regarding their practicum experiences and expressed openness to applying for health sciences library positions. Although the participants who found employment did not work in health sciences libraries, their practicum projects served as supporting materials for their job applications, and they were using the skills they had gained from their practicums in their new positions.Conclusions: While most joint practicum participants were not working in a health sciences library, the practicum was beneficial to their new careers. This case report highlights that a joint health sciences practicum program can be beneficial in showing LIS students different approaches to health sciences librarianship.
  2. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2019 Dec 31. 1-14
    Nakash O, Hayat T, Abu Kaf S, Cohen M.
      Mental health literacy (MHL) provides a framework to overcome barriers to service use and reduce mental health disparities through public education. Acquiring basic knowledge about mental health problems can guide subsequent help-seeking behavior. Improving knowledge about how to search for mental health information is a critical first step in improving MHL. In this study, we examined the association between knowledge about how to search for mental health information and emotional distress among older adults. We further examined the moderating role of immigration status in this association. A sample of 605 older adults participated in the study (N = 357 Native Israelis; N = 222 Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union). Participants completed self-report measures assessing MHL and emotional distress. Our findings show that Native Israelis reported significantly lower levels of emotional distress and higher levels of knowledge about how to search for mental health information compared to immigrants. Moreover, while among native older adults, increased knowledge about how to search for mental health information was associated with lower emotional distress, among immigrant seniors there was no significant association between these variables. Our findings suggest that differences among immigrant and native older adults can impact the effectiveness of the mental health knowledge that is accessed.
    Keywords:  Mental health literacy; emotional distress; immigration; mental health disparities; older adults
  3. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 89-97
    Demetres MR, Wright DN, DeRosa AP.
      Objective: The aim of this exploratory study was to assess personal, work-related, and client-related burnout among information professionals who support systematic review (SR) work.Methods: The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, a validated tool for assessing burnout, was administered to information professionals who support SR work. A broad range of health sciences or medical librarians and information professionals were targeted via professional email discussion lists and news outlets. Questionnaire responses were captured electronically using Qualtrics Survey Software and quantitatively analyzed.
    Results: Respondents experienced an average personal burnout score of 48.6, work-related score of 46.4, and client-related score of 32.5 out of 100. Respondents who reported spending >80% of their job duties on SR work had significantly lower personal burnout scores than those who reported spending <10% of their job duties on SR work (average, 31.5 versus 50.9, respectively). Also, respondents who reported using an SR support tool had significantly lower personal burnout scores than those who reported sometimes using a tool (average, 43.7 versus 54.7, respectively).
    Conclusion: The results suggest that information professionals who dedicate more time to SR work or who consistently use an SR support tool experience less burnout. This study provides groundwork for further investigation with the aim of developing approaches to prevent or combat SR-related burnout among information professionals.
  4. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 67-75
    LaPolla FWZ.
      Background: Data visualization is a growing topic of discussion and area of educational programming in health sciences libraries. This paper synthesizes information on eight institutions' experiences in offering Excel-focused data visualization workshops with the goal of providing an overview of the current state of educational offerings in this area.Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted by phone and email with librarians at institutions that offer Excel-focused workshops, which were identified by reviewing the websites of Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries members and the 2019 Medical Library Association annual meeting program.
    Results: Librarians from six institutions were interviewed, online class materials from one institution were reviewed, and information from the author's institution was included, resulting in a total of eight institutions. Educational offerings in Excel-focused data visualization ranged from one workshop to five workshops in a series, which typically first presented information for beginners and then progressed to more advanced data visualization skills. Regarding motivations for offering these workshops, librarians stated that they were committed to providing instruction in software programs that were already familiar to users. Workshop evaluations, when available, were generally positive.
    Discussion: Because of its widespread availability and usage, Excel offers a compelling opportunity for providing hands-on data visualization instruction in health sciences libraries.
  5. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 131-136
    Martin ER.
      Evidence suggests that Erich Meyerhoff was one of the first practitioners of democratic librarianship throughout his long and productive life. This essay defines democratic librarianship in the context of democratic ideals and social justice and posits actions that the profession should be taking to thrive and lead in a multicultural environment, including being a place for active engagement, crucial conversations, and debate. Democratic librarianship is broader than social justice but incorporates social justice ideals in promoting a socially just and democratic society. Libraries…are essential to the functioning of a democratic society;…and libraries are the great tools of scholarship, the great repositories of culture, and the great symbols of the freedom of the mind. [1]-Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  6. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 17-28
    Miller JM.
      Objective: Reflective practice is common in nursing and other professions. In the published literature, there is very little about librarians' use of reflective practice and no studies of health librarians' use of reflective practice. This study examined the use of reflective practice among health sciences librarians, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers to use.Methods: This cross-sectional study replicated the 2014 study by Greenall and Sen, using a version of their questionnaire. The research population in this study was health sciences librarians who were members of the MEDLIB-L email discussion list, Medical Library Association (MLA) chapter email discussion lists, and/or MLA section email discussion lists.
    Results: There were 106 librarians who completed the questionnaire, ranging from those new to the profession through midcareer to longtime librarians. While a high percentage of respondents considered themselves to be reflective practitioners (77%), a larger percentage (87%) reported that they consciously spent time reflecting. Respondents selected a wide variety of benefits of reflective practice, while barriers tended to center on lack of time, knowledge, skills, or experience.
    Conclusion: The diversity of benefits that respondents selected suggests that reflective practice can play an important positive role in librarians' professional development. Reported barriers to reflective practice suggest that there is a need for educational opportunities to develop skills.
  7. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 5-16
    Perry GJ.
      At the remove of 2019, it is hard for many to imagine the sense of apocalypse that was palpable throughout the gay community during the 1980s and much of the 1990s. My professional career was launched at the height of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic, and at the time, saving lives through librarianship was my mission. This Janet Doe Lecture presents my personal story of activism and advocacy as a lens through which to consider the larger story of activism around social justice issues for the Medical Library Association, by groups such as the Relevant Issues Section, now the Social Justice Section, and by the work of past Doe Lecturers Rachael K. Anderson, AHIP, FMLA, and Gerald Oppenheimer. It is also the story of an association that has at times been deeply conflicted about the role of such activism in our niche of librarianship. With anchors in poetry and prose, this is a story of hope through justice, conveying a message of the essentialness of our work as librarians and health information professionals to the mission of saving lives.
  8. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 29-35
    Deardorff A.
      Objective: As computer programming becomes increasingly important in the biomedical sciences and more libraries offer programming classes, it is crucial for librarians to understand how researchers use programming in their work. The goal of this study was to understand why biomedical researchers who enrolled in a library-sponsored workshop wanted to learn to program in R and Python.Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were performed with fourteen researchers registered for beginning R and Python programming workshops at the University of California, San Francisco Library. A thematic analysis approach was used to extract the top reasons that researchers learned to program.
    Results: Four major themes emerged from the interviews. Researchers wanted to learn R and Python programming in order to perform their data analysis independently, to be an informed collaborator, to engage with new forms of big data research, and to have more flexibility in the tools that they used for their research.
    Conclusions: Librarians designing programming workshops should remember that most researchers are hoping to apply their new skills to a specific research task such as data cleaning, data analysis, and statistics and that language preferences can vary based on research community as well as personal preferences. Understanding the programming goals of researchers will make it easier for librarians to partner effectively and offer services that are critically needed in the biomedical community.
  9. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 113-117
    Fitterling LA, Oro R.
      During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, osteopathic information was circulated by way of pamphlets and postcards. Several osteopathic historical pamphlets and postcards from the D'Angelo Library collection have been researched and digitized in order to preserve these osteopathic artifacts and highlight their historical significance for the current profession.
  10. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 36-46
    Folb BL, Klem ML, Youk AO, Dahm JJ, He M, Ketchum AM, Wessel CB, Hartman LM.
      Objective: This prospective, longitudinal study explored the impact of a continuing education class on librarians' knowledge levels about and professional involvement with systematic reviews. Barriers to systematic review participation and the presence of formal systematic review services in libraries were also measured.Methods: Participants completed web-based surveys at three points in time: pre-class, post-class, and six-months' follow-up. Descriptive statistics were calculated for demographics and survey questions. Linear mixed effects models assessed knowledge score changes over time.
    Results: Of 160 class attendees, 140 (88%) completed the pre-class survey. Of those 140, 123 (88%) completed the post-class survey, and 103 (74%) completed the follow-up survey. There was a significant increase (p<0.00001) from pre-class to post-class in knowledge test scores, and this increase was maintained at follow-up. At post-class, 69% or more of participants intended to promote peer review of searches, seek peer review of their searches, search for grey literature, read or follow published guidelines on conduct and documentation of systematic reviews, and ask for authorship on a systematic review. Among librarians who completed a systematic review between post-class and follow-up, 73% consulted published guidelines, 52% searched grey literature, 48% sought peer review, 57% asked for authorship, and 70% received authorship.
    Conclusions: Attendance at this continuing education class was associated with positive changes in knowledge about systematic reviews and in librarians' systematic review-related professional practices. This suggests that in-depth professional development classes can help librarians develop skills that are needed to meet library patrons' changing service needs.
  11. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 1-4
    Goben A, Akers KG.
      Self-archiving offers opportunities for authors to more broadly disseminate their work-both in pre-print form before its submission to a journal and in post-print form after its acceptance and publication in a journal. This editorial provides authors with guidance in navigating the rapidly changing options for self-archiving and affirms that the Journal of the Medical Library Association encourages authors to self-archive their work to boost its reach and impact.
  12. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 98-105
    Dhakal K, Tornwall J.
      Background: This case report describes a collaborative effort between a health sciences librarian and an instructional designer to create and implement a writing professional development experience called the Scholarship Circle. It was aimed at increasing scholarly productivity by junior and nontenure-track faculty in a college of nursing.Case Presentation: The Scholarship Circle activities were carried out in a synchronous and an asynchronous online environment over ten weeks and included weekly lectures from nurse-scholars, discussions and peer reviews, and writing support from the librarian. The Scholarship Circle designers surveyed participants before and after the course to explore faculty perceptions and conducted a bibliographic analysis to gauge increases in scholarly productivity.
    Conclusions: While both tenure-track and nontenure-track faculty perceived lack of time as a significant barrier to publication, only nontenure-track faculty perceived lack of writing experience and getting started as significant obstacles. In the two years following the Scholarship Circle, faculty with doctor of philosophy and doctor of education degrees produced the greatest number of scholarly publications, whereas faculty with other degrees demonstrated a modest increase in scholarship. Online writing support programs have the potential to positively impact scholarly productivity for junior and nontenure-track faculty, especially if they emphasize time management for writing, confidence-building strategies, and a flexible format that allows peer review and collaboration as well as participation by seasoned scholars and remote participants. Partnership between health sciences librarians and instructional designers is key to the successful design and implementation of writing support programs.
  13. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019 Dec 26. pii: S1701-2163(19)30958-2. [Epub ahead of print]
    Shao YH, Tulandi T, Abenhaim HA.
      OBJECTIVE: With the rising trend of postponing motherhood, there has been an increasing rate of infertility. Social fertility preservation offers the potential to overcome this age-related infertility, and many women are turning to the Internet to seek medical information. The aim of this study was to evaluate online information on social fertility preservation.METHODS: This study used five search terms-"egg freezing," "fertility preservation," "social egg freezing," "social fertility preservation," and "oocyte cryopreservation"-to identify the most popular sites as rated by Google. Accuracy of information and quality of websites were rated on the basis of four categories: Silberg's accountability criteria, Abbott's aesthetic criteria, Flesch-Kincaid readability score, and the Canadian Fertility and Andrology Society (CFAS) and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) recommendations (Canadian Task Force classification III).
    RESULTS: Study investigators identified the 21 most used websites. The average Silberg score was 6.57, with 85.7% of websites meeting the criteria for adequate accountability. Only one website (4.8%) did not meet the criteria for appropriate aesthetic appeal. The average Flesch-Kincaid readability score was 11.39, equivalent to a grade 11 reading level, which is significantly higher than the reading level of the general population. A total of 57% of websites contained less than half of the evidence-based recommendations provided in the CFAS and SOGC recommendations.
    CONCLUSION: Online information on social fertility preservation is easily accessible and aesthetically pleasing, but information is not easily readable and does not reflect evidence-based recommendations. Hence, health care professionals must fill the knowledge gaps and adequately counsel their patients to optimize a woman's chance at a successful pregnancy.
    Keywords:  Cryopreservation; Internet; oocyte cryopreservation; social fertility preservation
  14. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 84-88
    McGurr MJ.
      Objective: This study investigated the existence of writing centers at medical and pharmacy schools, the location of those writing centers in a library or elsewhere, and librarians' perceptions of how writing centers are viewed by students, faculty, and staff.Methods: A twelve-question survey was sent to libraries affiliated with a medical and pharmacy school in the United States.
    Results: Respondents were curious about writing centers, how they were viewed on campus, and how to start one. Overall, respondents described engagement with writing centers: 68% had a writing center on campus, 23% had a writing center in their library, and 11% had a writing center on the health sciences campus, including in the health sciences library. No respondents reported hearing negative comments from faculty or students about the writing centers, and 60% of respondents with writing centers that were available to medical and pharmacy students would recommend one to health sciences libraries without access to a writing center.
    Conclusion: This exploratory study showed that the establishment of writing centers in health sciences libraries is a topic of interest. Future studies could further investigate health sciences libraries' roles in writing centers for pharmacy, medical, and other health sciences students.
  15. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 127-130
    Gallagher PE.
      The creation of the Medical Library Center of New York (MLCNY) was a significant contribution to the history of health sciences librarianship as a model for cooperative, democratic, and practical solutions to the issues of storage and resource sharing. The MLCNY's founding director, Erich Meyerhoff, was a key figure in the successful start-up and ongoing operations of the center, which operated from 1960-2003 and served the greater New York area and beyond. This essay traces the evolution of the center including the creation of the Union Catalog of Medical Periodicals and the demise of the center occasioned by changes in scholarly publishing, technology, and constituent needs.
  16. Farm Hosp. 2020 Jan 01. 44(1): 20-25
    López-Hermoso C, Gil-Navarro MV, Abdel-Kader-Martín L, Santos-Ramos B.
      Nowadays, scientific communication is enriched by the use of new ways of storing, publishing and disseminating research findings. Said new ways of  scientific communication are known as the so-called academic  profile platforms, which include Scopus author ID, ORCID, Publons and  Kudos and -on the other hand- social research networks, including  Research-Gate, and Google Scholar citations. These tools  have a main objective: enhancing both visibility and impact of contents  and publications. They are multidisciplinary web pages that contain  individual research profiles with network hyperlinks to magazines,  databases and other sources. In some cases, bibliometric indicators are  included, which allow measuring the impact caused by studies based on  literature. This study compares the main online platforms, as well as  some of the social research networks that currently exist for the  creation of research profiles.
  17. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2020 Jan 04.
    de Lima MD, de Oliveira Roque E Lima J, Barbosa RM.
      Early diagnosis and treatment are the most important strategies to prevent deaths from several diseases. In this regard, data mining and machine learning techniques have been useful tools to help minimize errors and to provide useful information for diagnosis. Our paper aims to present a new feature selection algorithm. In order to validate our study, we used eight benchmark data sets which are commonly used among researchers who developed machine learning methods for medical data classification. The experiment has shown that the performance of our proposed new feature selection method combined with twin-bounded support vector machine (FSTBSVM) is very efficient. The robustness of the FSTBSVM is examined using classification accuracy, analysis of sensitivity, and specificity. The proposed FSTBSVM is a very promising technique for classification, and the results show that the proposed method is capable of producing good results with fewer features than the original data sets. Graphical abstract Model using a new feature selection and grid search with 10-fold CV to optimize model parameters in our FSTBSVM.
    Keywords:  Classification; Data mining; Feature selection; Medical data set; Twin-bounded support vector machine
  18. J Voice. 2019 Dec 26. pii: S0892-1997(19)30449-7. [Epub ahead of print]
    Alwani MM, Campa KA, Svenstrup TJ, Bandali EH, Anthony BP.
      OBJECTIVE: The use of the Internet for seeking health-related information has increased exponentially. We aimed to comprehensively appraise the readability, understandability, actionability, and quality of printed online education materials (POEMs) pertaining to Spasmodic Dysphonia (SD).STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, correlational study.
    METHODS: POEMs were identified using the Google search engine with the phrase "spasmodic dysphonia." The first 50 websites meeting criteria were included. Accreditation of POEMs was evaluated using Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode) toolbar. Readability of the content was analyzed using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL) and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) tests. Understandability and actionability was evaluated using the Patient Education Material Assessment Tool for Printed Materials. Overall quality of POEMs was appraised using the DISCERN instrument.
    RESULTS: The overall mean [SD] FKGL and mean [SD] FRE score was 11.5 [2.5] and 42.1 [12.8], respectively. The mean understandability score was 65% [14], while the mean [SD] actionability score was only 17% [12]. The overall mean [SD] quality score for all websites was 43.5 [13]. Only four websites (8%) were HONcode certified. A moderately positive correlation was discovered between understandability and overall quality of POEMs (r = 0.38, P 0.01) CONCLUSIONS: POEMs pertaining to SD are written above recommended reading levels with subsequent poor understandability and actionability. We recommend that authors assess POEMs prior to publication to ensure alignment with the needs of the target audience.
    Keywords:  Online patient education material; Readability; Spasmodic dysphonia; Understandability
  19. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 124-126
    Messerle J, McClure LW.
      Erich Meyerhoff-recipient of the Marcia C. Noyes Award, Janet Doe Lecturer, and Fellow-was one of the Medical Library Association's (MLA's) most illustrious members who contributed to the welfare of MLA and its members throughout his long life. The authors review his life and significant contributions to the health sciences library profession. Erich was a friend and mentor to countless medical librarians and was truly a man for all medical librarians.
  20. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 137-142
    Peay WJ, Epstein HB.
      Erich Meyerhoff was an academic health sciences librarian and a distinguished member of the Medical Library Association when he was invited to present the Janet Doe Lecture in 1977. His lecture on the state of the association is considered one of the finest Doe lectures and is still relevant more than forty years later, not only from an historical perspective, but also for his projections for the future and his prescient comments about the future of hospital librarianship and the important role of women in the association. Key 1977 Doe lecture topics are reviewed and updated in the context of the current health sciences library environment.
  21. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 122-123
    Homan JM.
      An introduction to a series of essays honoring Erich Meyerhoff (1919-2015), AHIP, FMLA, who was active in and contributed to the Medical Library Association for generations.
  22. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 143-146
    Greenberg SJ.
      Born shortly after World War I in 1919 and living through multiple wars, conflicts, and cultural changes in his ninety-six years, Erich Meyerhoff remained a student of history throughout his long life. He regularly attended the annual meetings of the American Association for the History of Medicine and other history groups such as the Medical Library Association's History of the Health Sciences well into his nineties. This essay traces how the field of history and historical methods changed during Erich's life and suggests that he saw history and librarianship as a means for achieving social justice and social equity.
  23. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1): 161
      [This corrects the article on p. 468 in vol. 107, PMID: 31607804.].