bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2019‒11‒24
seven papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. J Hosp Librariansh. 2019 ;19(3): 201-213
    Adcock S, Hinton E, Clark S, Robinson C.
      Librarians at Rowland Medical Library collaborated with individuals from across the campus of the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) to transform an unused library office to a nursing mothers room. This project resulted in a functional and attractive room for breastfeeding students and employees to pump breast milk.
    Keywords:  breastfeeding; health promotion; library space; nursing mothers; outreach
  2. Health Inf Sci Syst. 2019 Dec;7(1): 25
    Zhong H, Huang Z.
      Personalized knowledge recommendation is an effective measure to provide individual information services in the field of brain science. It is essential that a complete understanding of authors' interests and accurate recommendation are carried out to achieve this goal. In this paper, a collaborative recommendation method based on co-authorship is proposed to make. In our approach, analysis of collaborators' interests and the calculation of collaborative value are used for recommendations. Finally, the experiments using real documents associated with brain science are given and provide supports for collaborative document recommendation in the field of brain science.
    Keywords:  Brain science; Interests; Recommendation; Semantic technology; User and co-author
  3. Digit Health. 2019 Jan-Dec;5:5 2055207619888073
    Bussey LG, Sillence E.
      Objective: Internet resources remain important for health information and advice but their specific role in decision-making is understudied, often assumed and remains unclear. In this article, we examine the different ways in which internet resources play a role in health decision-making within the context of distributed decision-making.Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 37 people in the United Kingdom who reported using the internet in relation to decision-making, and representing a range of long- and short-term health conditions. The interviews focused on decision-making activities across different settings and in relation to different stakeholders to understand how internet resources play a role in these activities. We carried out a thematic analysis of the interviews.
    Results: We identified three main ways in which internet resources played a role in health decision-making. A supportive role (as a decision crutch), a stimulating role (as a decision initiator), and an interactional role (impacting on the doctor-patient relationship). These three roles spanned different resources and illustrated how the decision-making process can be impacted by the encounters people have with technology - specifically internet based health resources - in different ways and at different time points.
    Conclusions: Examining health decisions with respect to internet resources highlights the complex and distributed nature of decision-making alongside the complexity of online health information sourcing. We discuss the role of internet resources in relation to the increasing importance of online personal experiences and their relevance within shared decision-making.
    Keywords:  Decision-making; communication; distributed; eHealth; health information; healthcare professional; internet; personal experiences
  4. Dermatol Online J. 2019 Sep 15. pii: 13030/qt4qd5185h. [Epub ahead of print]25(9):
    Karanfilian KM, De Guzman E, Kim C, Madill E, Ayyaswami V, Kamath P, Agarwal N, Koch E, Prabhu AV.
      INTRODUCTION: Patients use the internet to search for health-related information. We sought to characterize the information that patients find when searching for dermatologists on Google.METHODS: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Physician Comparable Downloadable File was utilized to identify all Medicare-participating dermatologists practicing in Pennsylvania (PA). A custom Google-based search engine was used to search each dermatologist. Up to the top 10 results for each physician were then sorted into: (1) physician, hospital, or healthcare system, (2) third-party, (3) social media, (4) academic journal articles, or (5) other.
    RESULTS: Within the CMS, 519 health care providers (53.9% male, 46.1% female) self-identified as dermatologists practicing in PA. At least one search result was obtained for each physician (4,963 total search results). About 30.6% (1,519) search results were hospital, health system, or physician-controlled websites, and 26.6% (1,318) were third-party websites (1,318; 26.6%). Social media websites accounted for 601 (12.1%) hits whereas peer-reviewed academic journal websites generated 135 (2.7%) results. One-way chi-square analysis showed domains were not randomly distributed across the five categories (P<0.0001).
    CONCLUSION: Dermatologists should be better aware of their digital presence and the strategies to better control their online identity.
  5. JMIR Cardio. 2018 May 30. 2(1): e12
    Sak G, Schulz PJ.
      BACKGROUND: Patients' engagement in health care decision making is constituted by at least two behaviors: health information seeking and active involvement in medical decisions. Previous research reported that older adults desire a lot of information, but want to participate in decision making to a lesser degree. However, there is only limited evidence on the effect of desire for health information on seniors' perceived confidence in making an informed choice (ie, decision self-efficacy).OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the role desire for health information has for older patients. More specifically, it tested whether decision self-efficacy increases as a function of an assisted computer-based information search. Additionally, the study allowed insights into the sources seniors with hypertension prefer to consult.
    METHODS: A sample of 101 senior citizens (aged ≥60 years) with high blood pressure in the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland answered a questionnaire before and after an informational intervention was applied. The intervention consisted of offering additional information on hypertension from five different sources and of providing the information the participant desired. Preference for receiving this information was the major independent variable. The main outcome measure was decision self-efficacy (assessed at baseline and posttest). Analyses of covariance were conducted to detect differences between and within who desired additional hypertension-related content (intervention group) and "information avoiders" (control group).
    RESULTS: Health care professionals firmly remain the preferred and most trusted source of health information for senior patients. The second most consulted source was the internet (intervention group only). However, among the total sample, the internet obtained the lowest credibility score. A significant increase in decision self-efficacy occurred in seniors consulting additional information compared to information avoiders (F1,93=28.25, P<.001).
    CONCLUSIONS: Consulting health information on a computer screen, and assistance by a computer-savvy person, may be a helpful activity to increase perceived confidence in making treatment decisions in seniors with hypertension.
    Keywords:  Switzerland; assisted computer-based information search; decision self-efficacy; desire for health information; medical decision making; quasi-experimental design; senior hypertensive patients
  6. J Med Internet Res. 2019 Nov 19. 21(11): e13873
    Pretorius C, Chambers D, Coyle D.
      BACKGROUND: Young people frequently make use of the internet as part of their day-to-day activities, and this has extended to their help-seeking behavior. Offline help-seeking is known to be impeded by a number of barriers including stigma and a preference for self-reliance. Online help-seeking may offer an additional domain where young people can seek help for mental health difficulties without being encumbered by these same barriers.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic literature review was to examine young peoples' online help-seeking behaviors for mental health concerns. It aimed to summarize young peoples' experiences and identify benefits and limitations of online help-seeking for this age group. It also examined the theoretical perspectives that have been applied to understand online help-seeking.
    METHODS: A systematic review of peer-reviewed research papers from the following major electronic databases was conducted: PsycINFO, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Xplore. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. The search was conducted in August 2017. The narrative synthesis approach to reviews was used to analyze the existing evidence to answer the review questions.
    RESULTS: Overall, 28 studies were included. The most common method of data collection was through the use of surveys. Study quality was moderate to strong. Text-based query via an internet search engine was the most commonly identified help-seeking approach. Social media, government or charity websites, live chat, instant messaging, and online communities were also used. Key benefits included anonymity and privacy, immediacy, ease of access, inclusivity, the ability to connect with others and share experiences, and a greater sense of control over the help-seeking journey. Online help-seeking has the potential to meet the needs of those with a preference for self-reliance or act as a gateway to further help-seeking. Barriers to help-seeking included a lack of mental health literacy, concerns about privacy and confidentiality, and uncertainty about the trustworthiness of online resources. Until now, there has been limited development and use of theoretical models to guide research on online help-seeking.
    CONCLUSIONS: Approaches to improving help-seeking by young people should consider the role of the internet and online resources as an adjunct to offline help-seeking. This review identifies opportunities and challenges in this space. It highlights the limited use of theoretical frameworks to help conceptualize online help-seeking. Self-determination theory and the help-seeking model provide promising starting points for the development of online help-seeking theories. This review discusses the use of these theories to conceptualize online help-seeking and identify key motivations and tensions that may arise when young people seek help online.
    Keywords:  help-seeking behavior; internet; mental health; online behavior; self-determination theory; systematic review; youth
  7. Hormones (Athens). 2019 Nov 20.
    Kyriacou A, Sherratt C.
      PURPOSE: Given that the Internet is important for health-related information (HRI) and the fact that online health information (OHI)-seeking behavior has never been studied in endocrinology, we set out to examine how and why the Internet is utilized for HRI, the frequency of such activity, its impact, future information needs, and the effect of language.METHODS: A mainly quantitative, embedded mixed-methods study was performed, employing a questionnaire survey. We included 312 patients (78.4% response rate).
    RESULTS: OHI-seeking was reported by 175 patients (56.1%), especially in younger (p = 0.037) and more educated (p = 0.006) patients. OHI-seekers perceived OHI to be high-quality (135, 77.1%) but 104 (59.4%) were unaware of website certification tools. Among OHI-seekers, 63 (36.6%) reported positive behavioral changes after seeking OHI. Only 45 (25.7%) OHI-seekers discussed their gathered information with their endocrinologist. If an interactive e-learning module was available, 194/312 (62.2%) patients expressed willingness to use it, especially those reporting a need for more HRI (p = 0.024). Native speakers were more likely to report that OHI did not meet their information needs (p < 0.001).
    CONCLUSIONS: OHI-seeking by patients attending the endocrinology outpatients is widely practiced. The availability of OHI in the native language and e-learning modules may enhance the utility of the Internet for health information.
    Keywords:  Doctor-patient relationships; Health information–seeking behavior; Health-related information; Language skills; Outpatients; Patient education