bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2019‒06‒09
eleven papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Health Info Libr J. 2019 Jun;36(2): 195-198
    Murphy J.
      The 2019 virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) is published to link to the 2019 EAHIL Workshop taking place in Basel, Switzerland on 17-20 June 2019. The workshop is structured around six topics: (i) Roadmap of our Profession; (ii) Technology Uptake; (iii) Ecology of Scholarly Communications; (iv) Impact + Assessment; (v) Benchmarking + Advocacy; (vi) Evidence-Based Practice. These themes have been used to compile this virtual issue, which contains published articles selected from HILJ from the March 2019 issue through to June 2017. The virtual issue mirrors the format of a regular issue of HILJ, namely a review article, five original articles and articles from our three regular features: 'Dissertations into Practice', 'International Perspectives and Initiatives' and 'Teaching and Learning in Action'. The authors come from the UK, Canada, Australia, Italy, Iran and Belgium. All articles included in this virtual issue are available free online.
    Keywords:  evidence-based practice; impact and assessment; roadmap of our profession; technology uptake
  2. Health Info Libr J. 2019 Jun;36(2): 109-110
    Grant MJ.
      Health library and information workers no longer find themselves restricted to presenting at purely local or national health-related library events, a diversity evidenced by the two conferences supported by CILIP's Health Libraries Group this month, June 2019. The Health Libraries Group is an official sponsor of #EBLIP10, the 10th international Evidence Based Library and Information Practice conference, which encourages us to think about the evidence we collect and use to inform practice. The Health Libraries Group also strengthens its links with EAHIL: The European Association of Health Information and Libraries by aligning the content of this year's Virtual Issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal with EAHIL 2019s themes of evidence-based practice, impact & assessment, and technology uptake, available at:
    Keywords:  Evidence Based Library and Information Practice (EBLIP); continuing professional development; library and information sector
  3. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2019 Jun;pii: S0889-5406(19)30004-6. [Epub ahead of print]155(6): 894-895
    Littlewood A, Kloukos D.
  4. BMJ Open. 2019 Jun 04. 9(6): e025484
    Steels S, van Staa T.
      INTRODUCTION: The 'learning healthcare system' (LHS) has been proposed to deliver better outcomes for patients and communities by analysing routinely captured health information and feeding back results to clinical staff. This approach is being piloted in the Connected Health Cities (CHC) programme in four regions in the north of England. This article describes the protocol of the evaluation of this programme.METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In designing this evaluation, we had to take a pragmatic approach to ensure the feasibility of completing the work within 1 year. Furthermore, we have designed the evaluation in such a way as to be able to capture differences in how each of the CHC regions uses a variety of methods to create their own LHS. A mixed methods approach has been adopted for this evaluation due the scale and complexities of the pilot study. A documentary review will identify how CHC pilot study deliverables were operationalised. To gain a broad understanding of CHC staff experiences, an online survey will be offered to all staff to complete. Semi-structured interviews with key programme staff will be used to gain a deeper understanding of key achievements, as well as how challenges have been overcome or managed. Our data analysis will triangulate the documentary review, survey and interview data. A thematic analysis using our logic model as a framework will also be used to assess progress against the CHC programme deliverables and to identify recommendations to support future programme decision-making.
    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was granted by The University of Manchester Ethics Committee on 24 May 2018. The results will be actively disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations, social media, the internet and various stakeholder/patient and public engagement activities.
    Keywords:  evaluation; learning healthcare system
  5. J Clin Nurs. 2019 Jun 04.
    Lovett J, Gordon C, Patton S, Chen CX.
      AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate online information on dysmenorrhea, including readability, credibility, quality, and usability.BACKGROUND: Menstrual pain impacts 45-95% of women of reproductive age globally and is the leading cause of school and work absences among women. Women often seek online information on dysmenorrhea; however, little is known about the information quality.
    DESIGN: This was a descriptive study to evaluate online information on dysmenorrhea.
    METHODS: We imitated search strategies of the general public. Specifically, we employed the three most popular search engines worldwide-Google, Yahoo, and Bing, and used lay search terms, "period pain" and "menstrual cramps." We screened 60 webpages. Following removal of duplicates and irrelevant webpages, 25 met the eligibility criteria. Two team members independently evaluated the included webpages using standardized tools. Readability was evaluated with the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease and Flesch-Kincaid Grade formulas; Credibility quality, and usability were evaluated with established tools. We followed the STROBE checklist for reporting this study.
    RESULTS: For readability, the mean Flesh-Kincaid level was 10th grade. For credibility, 8% of webpages referenced scientific literature and 28% stated the author's name and qualifications. For quality, no webpage employed user-driven content production; 8% of webpages referenced evidence-based guidelines, 32% had accurate content, and 4% of webpages recommended shared decision-making. Most webpages were interactive and included non-textual information. Some non-textual information was inaccurate.
    CONCLUSION: Online information on dysmenorrhea has generally low readability, mixed credibility, and variable quality.
    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Strategies to improve health information on dysmenorrhea include avoiding complex terms, incorporating visual aids, presenting evidence-based information, and developing a decision aid to support shared decision-making. Healthcare providers should be aware of the problematic health information that individuals are exposed to and provide education about how to navigate online health information. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Keywords:  Consumer Health Information; Decision Making; Dysmenorrhea; Information Quality; Internet information; Pain; Readability; Women's Health
  6. Endocr Pract. 2019 Jun 06.
    Chang KL, Grubbs EG, Ingledew PA.
      OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates online thyroid cancer patient information quality. This is essential, given increasing patient use of online health information.METHODS: 100 thyroid cancer websites, representing those patients find first, were identified using Google and two meta-search engines. Content accuracy and patient-evaluable quality markers including attribution, currency, structure, and content comprehensiveness and readability were assessed with a previously-validated standardized rating tool, developed using design-based methods. Accuracy was defined compared to standard, peer-reviewed medical resources, UpToDate and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Responses to general and personal "patient" questions were evaluated for promptness and accuracy.
    RESULTS: Of 100 websites, only 26% stated authorship and 56% cited sources. 74% had dates of creation or last update, with only half of those dates occurring within the past two years. Websites most often discussed the definition (94%), diagnosis (92%) and treatment (94%) of thyroid cancer, but diagnosis and treatment were also most frequently incomplete or inaccurate: diagnosis information was complete and accurate 50% of the time, and treatment 47%. Only 2% of websites were comprehensible without high school education. Of eighty-three websites contacted with "patient" questions, 50 replied, 48 within one week.
    CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid cancer information is widely available online, but quality varies. Sites often lack markers for patients to assess quality, and content may be difficult to understand. Information is frequently incomplete, particularly on topics important to patients, such as diagnosis and treatment. Educational resource developers may fill these gaps, and healthcare providers can direct thyroid cancer patients to reliable online resources.
    Keywords:  Education; Thyroid Neoplasms; Thyroid cancers
  7. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2019 Jun 03.
    Ahn JA, Chae D.
      AIM: This study aimed to examine the effects of socio-individual and health information-seeking variables on health-promoting behaviors among migrant women living in Korea.METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. A convenience sample comprising 190 Filipino marriage-migrant women from G City and J province, South Korea, were recruited between November and December 2015. Participants completed self-report surveys examining health-promoting behaviors, health information seeking, and socio-individual determinants.
    RESULTS: The most popular health information sources were healthcare professionals (39.0%), family or friends (31.6%), and the Internet (28.9%). Most respondents (90.5%) possessed smart devices; 55.8% used them to seek health information, while 9.5% used health-related applications. The health information that migrant women searched for online mainly concerned their health, diet/nutrition, and physical activity. Education (β = .15, p = .008), health status (β = -.10, p = .038), and smart device possession (β = .20, p = .032) were factors influencing health-promoting behaviors.
    CONCLUSIONS: Considering the high use of smart devices among migrant women in Korea, these findings suggest the need for an accessible, reliable, and easily understandable Internet-based health information source to facilitate their health-promoting behaviors.
    Keywords:  cross-sectional studies; health promotion; information seeking behavior; migrants
  8. Aktuelle Urol. 2019 Jun 04.
    Cebulla A, Marx M, Struck JP.
      BACKGROUND:  An adequate online presence is essential for any medical practice. Studies have shown that patients increasingly use the internet for medical information, to search for physicians and to use online services. Expert associations and journals use social media to maximise their online reach.OBJECTIVES:  This study presents chances and risks of an online presence for urologists.
    RESULTS:  A professional and visually appealing website is key to modern doctor-patient communication. When developing a professional digital identity, one must consider technical aspects as well as legal requirements. Recommendations and guidelines have been put in place to give guidance, e. g. on social media strategies or the development of a websites content design. Medical professionals need in-depth consultation, especially regarding the complex legal requirements.
    CONCLUSION:  Content published online must be handled thoughtfully - no matter what digital medium is used. It is advisable to strictly separate private and professional online presences. Furthermore, the goals regarding an online presence should be regularly reevaluated and, if necessary, adjusted.
  9. JB JS Open Access. 2019 Mar 27. 4(1): e0036
    Rai R, Sabharwal S.
      Background: The purpose of the present study was to assess the availability and quality of online information regarding sub-internships in orthopaedics among U.S. orthopaedic residency programs.Methods: Each U.S. orthopaedic surgery residency program web site was assessed for the following 4 criteria: any mention of a sub-internship offered by that program, contact information regarding the sub-internship, a list of learning objectives to be met by the rotating student during the sub-internship, and presence of a web page dedicated solely to the orthopaedic sub-internship. Each web site was given a sub-internship score (SI score) from 0 to 4 based on how many of the above criteria were met.
    Results: From the 151 analyzed U.S. orthopaedic surgery residency program web sites, 69 (46%) did not have any mention of a sub-internship and thus received a score of 0, 4 (3%) received a score of 1, 18 (12%) received a score of 2, 20 (13%) received a score of 3, and 40 (26%) received a score of 4. The average SI score was 1.05 for the community-based orthopaedic residency programs, compared with 1.98 for the university-based orthopaedic programs (p = 0.003). Subgroup analysis based on SI scores (0 vs. 1 to 4) revealed that the higher-score group (1 to 4) had a higher percentage of university-based programs than the lower-score (0) group (80% vs. 62%; p = 0.003) and was associated with a greater number of residents per program than the lower-score group (mean, 26.4 vs. 21.0; p = 0.04). There was a weak association between the SI score and the number of residents in a given program (R2 = 0.074, p = 0.0004).
    Conclusions: The availability and quality of online information regarding sub-internships offered at orthopaedic residency programs in the U.S. are variable. Nearly half of the programs did not have any available online information on their web sites regarding orthopaedic surgery sub-internships. Larger and university-based orthopaedic programs have more robust information regarding sub-internships than smaller and community-based programs.
    Clinical Relevance: There needs to be greater awareness and more uniformly accessible online information regarding orthopaedic surgery sub-internships for senior medical students seeking elective orthopaedic rotations prior to applying for residency training.
  10. PLoS One. 2019 ;14(6): e0217591
    Cheng CH, Chen HH.
      Owing to the emergence of the Internet and its rapid growth, people can use mobile devices on many social media platforms (blogs, Facebook forums, etc.), and the platforms provide well-known websites for people to express and share their daily activities and ideas on global issues. Many consumers utilize product review websites before making a purchase. Many well-known websites are searched for relevant product reviews and experiences of product use. We can easily collect large amounts of structured and unstructured product data and further analyze the data to determine the desired product information. For this reason, many researchers are gradually focusing on sentiment analysis or opinion exploration (opinion mining) and use this technique to extract and analyze customer opinions and emotions. This paper proposes a sentimental text mining method based on an additional features method to enhance accuracy and reduce implementation time and uses singular value decomposition and principal component analysis for data dimension reduction. This study has four contributions: (1) the proposed algorithm for preprocessing the data for sentiment classification, (2) the additional features to enhance the accuracy of the sentiment classification, (3) the application of singular value decomposition and principal component analysis for data dimension reduction, and (4) the design of five modules based on different features, with or without stemming, to compare the performance results. The experimental results show that the proposed method has better accuracy than other methods and that the proposed method can decrease the implementation time.
  11. Artif Intell Med. 2019 May;pii: S0933-3657(18)30353-1. [Epub ahead of print]96 80-92
    Yang CC, Zhao M.
      Drug repositioning has drawn significant attention for drug development in pharmaceutical research and industry, because of its advantages in cost and time compared with the de novo drug development. The availability of biomedical databases and online health-related information, as well as the high-performance computing, empowers the development of computational drug repositioning methods. In this work, we developed a systematic approach that identifies repositioning drugs based on heterogeneous network mining using both pharmaceutical databases (PharmGKB and SIDER) and online health community (MedHelp). By utilizing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) as the intermediate, we constructed a heterogeneous health network containing drugs, diseases, and ADRs, and developed path-based heterogeneous network mining approaches for drug repositioning. Additionally, we investigated on how the data sources affect the performance on drug repositioning. Experiment results showed that combining both PharmKGB and MedHelp identified 479 repositioning drugs, which are more than the repositioning drugs discovered by other alternatives. In addition, 31% of the 479 of the discovered repositioning drugs were supported by evidence from PubMed.
    Keywords:  Drug repositioning; Heterogeneous network mining; Online health community; Phenotype; Social media