bims-librar Biomed news
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2018‒12‒02
twenty papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. BMJ Open. 2018 Nov 25. 8(11): e025047
    Petrova D, Joeris A, Sánchez MJ, Salamanca-Fernández E, Garcia-Retamero R.
      PURPOSE: The numerical format in which risks are communicated can affect risk comprehension and perceptions of medical professionals. We investigated what numerical formats are used to report absolute risks in empirical articles, estimated the frequency of biasing formats and rated the quality of figures used to display the risks.DESIGN: Descriptive study of reporting practices.
    METHOD: We randomly sampled articles published in seven leading orthopaedic surgery journals during a period of 13 years. From these, we selected articles that reported group comparisons on a binary outcome (eg, revision rates in two groups) and recorded the numerical format used to communicate the absolute risks in the results section. The quality of figures was assessed according to published guidelines for transparent visual aids design.
    OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of information formats and quality of figures.
    RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 507 articles, of which 14% reported level 1 evidence, 13% level 2 and 73% level 3 or lower. The majority of articles compared groups of different sizes (90%), reported both raw numbers and percentages (64%) and did not report the group sizes alongside (50%). Fifteen per cent of articles used two formats identified as biasing: only raw numbers (8%, '90 patients vs 100 patients') or raw numbers reported alongside different group sizes (7%, '90 out of 340 patients vs 100 out of 490 patients'). The prevalence of these formats decreased in more recent publications. Figures (n=79) had on average two faults that could distort comprehension, and the majority were rated as biasing.
    CONCLUSION: Authors use a variety of formats to report absolute risks in scientific articles and are likely not aware of how some formats and graph design features can distort comprehension. Biases can be reduced if journals adopt guidelines for transparent risk communication but more research is needed into the effects of different formats.
    Keywords:  general surgery; orthopedics; risk communication; scientific reporting; visual aids
  2. J Korean Med Sci. 2018 Nov 26. 33(48): e305
    Yang HJ, Oh SJ, Hong ST.
      Background: In 1997 the Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE) instituted a program to evaluate member journals. Journals that passed the initial evaluation were indexed in the KoreaMed. Here, we report changes in measures of quality of the KAMJE member journals during the last 20 years.Methods: Quality measures used in the study comprised 3 assessment categories; self-assessment by journal editors, assessment of the journals by KAMJE reviewers, and by Korean health science librarians. Each used detailed criteria to score the journals on a scale of 0 to 5 or 6 in multiple dimensions. We compared scores at baseline evaluation and those after 7 years for 129 journals and compared improvements in journals indexed vs. not-indexed by the Web of Science (Science Citation Index Expanded; SCIE).
    Results: Among 251 KAMJE member journals at the end of 2015, 227 passed evaluation criteria and 129 (56%) had both baseline and 7-year follow-up assessment data. The journals showed improvement overall (increase in median [interquartile range; IQR] score from baseline, 0.47 [0.64]; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44-0.61; P < 0.001) and within each category (median [IQR] increase by editor's assessment, 0.17 [0.83]; 95% CI, 0.04-0.26; P = 0.007; by reviewer's, 0.45 [1.00]; 95% CI, 0.29-0.57; P < 0.001; by librarian's, 1.75 [1.08]; 95% CI, 1.77-2.18, P < 0.001). Before the foundation of KAMJE in 1996, there were only 5 Korean medical journals indexed in the MEDLINE and none in SCIE, but 24 journals in the MEDLINE and 34 journals in SCIE were indexed by 2016.
    Conclusion: The KAMJE journal evaluation program successfully contributes improving the quality of the member journals.
    Keywords:  Global Indexing Database; Journal Evaluation; KoreaMed; Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors
  3. BMJ Open. 2018 Nov 25. 8(11): e021282
    Schroter S, Roberts J, Loder E, Penzien DB, Mahadeo S, Houle TT.
      OBJECTIVE: The extent to which biomedical authors have received training in publication ethics, and their attitudes and opinions about the ethical aspects of specific behaviours, have been understudied. We sought to characterise the knowledge and attitudes of biomedical authors about common issues in publication ethics.DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey.
    SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Corresponding authors of research submissions to 20 journals.
    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived level of unethical behaviour (rated 0 to 10) presented in five vignettes containing key variables that were experimentally manipulated on entry to the survey and perceived level of knowledge of seven ethical topics related to publishing (prior publication, author omission, self-plagiarism, honorary authorship, conflicts of interest, image manipulation and plagiarism).
    RESULTS: 4043/10 582 (38%) researchers responded. Respondents worked in 100 countries and reported varying levels of publishing experience. 67% (n=2700) had received some publication ethics training from a mentor, 41% (n=1677) a partial course, 28% (n=1130) a full course and 55% (n=2206) an online course; only a small proportion rated training received as excellent. There was a full range (0 to 10 points) in ratings of the extent of unethical behaviour within each vignette, illustrating a broad range of opinion about the ethical acceptability of the behaviours evaluated, but these opinions were little altered by the context in which it occurred. Participants reported substantial variability in their perceived knowledge of seven publication ethics topics; one-third perceived their knowledge to be less than 'some knowledge' for the sum of the seven ethical topics and only 9% perceived 'substantial knowledge' of all topics.
    CONCLUSIONS: We found a large degree of variability in espoused training and perceived knowledge, and variability in views about how ethical or unethical scenarios were. Ethical standards need to be better articulated and taught to improve consistency of training across institutions and countries.
    Keywords:  ethics (see medical ethics); medical ethics
  4. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 Oct 01. pii: 2018.2.PEDS17354. [Epub ahead of print] 1-8
      OBJECTIVEAlthough endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for the treatment of hydrocephalus was introduced in 1923, the method was relegated to the sidelines in favor of extracranial techniques. Since the 1990s to the beginning of the current century, however, ETV has undergone a remarkable resurgence to become the first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus, and for some groups, the procedure has been applied for communicating hydrocephalus as well. In the present study, the authors identified the top 50 cited ETV works. These articles represent works of significance that document current practices and provide guidance for future inquiry.METHODSThe top 50 cited articles pertaining to ETV were identified using bibliometric data obtained with the Harzing's Publish or Perish software search engine. These high-impact works were evaluated for publication properties including year, country of authorship, category, and journal.RESULTSThe top 50 works were cited an average of 141.02 times with a mean of 9.45 citations per year. Articles published in 2005 were the most numerous in the top 50 group. These top articles were most frequently published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. Most of the articles were clinical studies reporting on patients in the pediatric age group. The country of most authorship was the US, although many other countries were among the top 50 works.CONCLUSIONSThe present report discusses the bibliometric analysis of the top 50 ETV articles. This list may be useful to those interested in the progress and current status of this procedure.
    Keywords:  ETV = endoscopic third ventriculostomy; communicating hydrocephalus; endoscopic third ventriculostomy; neuroendoscopy; noncommunicating hydrocephalus
  5. Ecancermedicalscience. 2018 ;12 880
    Chua GP, Tan HK, Gandhi M.
      The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Internet usage among cancer patients in seeking health-related information and the type of information sought. Sources of information received from, preferences for information sources and the perceived usefulness of information from these sources were also examined in this study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate the information needs of patients undergoing cancer treatment. The questionnaire also evaluated the current source and preferred source of information as well as their online information seeking behaviours. A total of 411 patients with cancer were recruited from an ambulatory cancer centre. The patients' physicians and healthcare specialists comprised a large majority of the patients' information sources; they were also the most preferred source of information. 59.1% of the respondents used the Internet to search for cancer-related information, namely diagnosis and treatment options, side effects of treatment and complementary and alternative therapy; demonstrating the importance of the above information. Physicians (60.3%) and healthcare specialists (26.5%) were the largest and most preferred sources of information for cancer patients in our study. It was not uncommon for cancer patients to use the Internet to search for additional information demonstrating the need to integrate this tool more effectively for knowledge transfer for those patients who want it. It is important for healthcare professionals to help cancer patients by directing them to sources of quality information (including websites). In addition, the provision of guidelines on how to evaluate health information on the Internet would be helpful to cancer patients.
    Keywords:  Internet; cancer; information sources; oncology; preferred sources; usefulness
  6. Health Info Libr J. 2018 Dec;35(4): 341-345
    Fredriksson M.
      Higher education institutions (HEIs) have a growing interest in establishing International joint degree programmes in developing countries. A Master's degree in global health care is an international joint degree programme run by two Finnish Universities of Applied Sciences and one Kenyan University. To provide students and staff members who live in Finland with an authentic experience of the circumstances in the developing countries, part of the programme involves delivering a two-week intensive course in Kenya. Health library services and information literacy training have a significant presence during this intensive course. In this paper, guest writer Marketta Fredriksson describes and reflects on the involvement of the health care library team in the development and implementation of this degree and delivery of the intensive course in Kenya.H.S.
    Keywords:  Africa; East; education and training; global health; information literacy
  7. Neuromodulation. 2018 Nov 29.
    North RB, Shipley J.
      INTRODUCTION: Primary data reported in scientific publications provide guidance for improving patient care, expanding indications, identifying research gaps, educating patients, justifying reimbursement, and gaining regulatory approval. Finding and analyzing pertinent publications among the huge volume noted in databases such as PUBMED, however, costs time and effort. This situation demands innovative ways to locate citations of (and the possibility of abstracting data from) papers reporting primary findings.METHODS: We created, a searchable easily navigated website, to meet this challenge in our field and devised a taxonomy of data categories specific for various stimulation targets for extracting and posting primary data. We included a discussion section unlimited by time or space to overcome limits posed by traditional letters to the editor.
    RESULTS: Registrants can download single or multiple citations from search results or from the list of papers (sortable by author, title, publication, and year) into a single table. The downloadable data category lists are used to submit completed data entry sheets for upload and for evidence-based comparison across studies as well as for study design, manuscript preparation, and peer review. Registration for WIKISTIM access continues to grow as do the curated citation lists, which are updated monthly and are comprehensive for deep brain stimulation, dorsal root ganglion stimulation, gastric electric stimulation, spinal cord stimulation, and sacral nerve stimulation.
    CONCLUSIONS: Most WIKISTIM entries are limited to citation information and links to published abstracts. As the number of completed datasheets and of stimulation target sections increase, the value of WIKISTIM will increase.
    Keywords:  data management; evidence based medicine; neuromodulation; neurostimulation; primary data
  8. PLoS One. 2018 ;13(11): e0207996
    Carrillo-de-Albornoz J, Rodríguez Vidal J, Plaza L.
      INTRODUCTION: Exploiting information in health-related social media services is of great interest for patients, researchers and medical companies. The challenge is, however, to provide easy, quick and relevant access to the vast amount of information that is available. One step towards facilitating information access to online health data is opinion mining. Even though the classification of patient opinions into positive and negative has been previously tackled, most works make use of machine learning methods and bags of words. Our first contribution is an extensive evaluation of different features, including lexical, syntactic, semantic, network-based, sentiment-based and word embeddings features to represent patient-authored texts for polarity classification. The second contribution of this work is the study of polar facts (i.e. objective information with polar connotations). Traditionally, the presence of polar facts has been neglected and research in polarity classification has been bounded to opinionated texts. We demonstrate the existence and importance of polar facts for the polarity classification of health information.MATERIAL AND METHODS: We annotate a set of more than 3500 posts to online health forums of breast cancer, crohn and different allergies, respectively. Each sentence in a post is manually labeled as "experience", "fact" or "opinion", and as "positive", "negative" and "neutral". Using this data, we train different machine learning algorithms and compare traditional bags of words representations with word embeddings in combination with lexical, syntactic, semantic, network-based and emotional properties of texts to automatically classify patient-authored contents into positive, negative and neutral. Beside, we experiment with a combination of textual and semantic representations by generating concept embeddings using the UMLS Metathesaurus.
    RESULTS: We reach two main results: first, we find that it is possible to predict polarity of patient-authored contents with a very high accuracy (≈ 70 percent) using word embeddings, and that this considerably outperforms more traditional representations like bags of words; and second, when dealing with medical information, negative and positive facts (i.e. objective information) are nearly as frequent as negative and positive opinions and experiences (i.e. subjective information), and their importance for polarity classification is crucial.
  9. Curr Top Med Chem. 2018 Nov 29.
    Potemkin V, Grishina M, Potemkin A.
      The review describes online resources used for drug discovery and design. The Internet resources can be classified into two classes. The first class of resources accumulates an information about drugs, drug candidates, compounds, bioassays. This information is a starting point in drug discovery and design. It is necessary for a training dataset composition. The data found at this step are needed in the search for the rules predicting a biological activity or recognizing active compounds among other molecules. The following databases can be used: ChEMBL, different databases of US National Institutes of Health, DrugBank, PDBind-CN Database, RCSB Protein Data Bank (PDB), BRENDA, etc. The second class of the Internet resources includes web-portals performing online computations for drug discovery and design. The web-portals perform: 1) modelling of molecular structure such as geometry optimization and molecular docking; 2) online computations of various descriptors, physical-chemical and ADMET properties influencing the bioprocesses occurring in a living organism along the road of the drug therapeutic action; 3) quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) studies; 4) prognosis of bioactivities of compounds; 5) design of new drug candidates. These are, for example, ChemAxon, ACD/ I-lab, Mcule, OCHEM, eADMET, ChemoSophia, DockingServer, 1-click Docking, MDWeb, DockingServer, ZDOCK, etc. The role of docking online resources for modeling of "ligand - receptor" complexes, prognosis of bioactivities, drug design is discussed. The review highlights the possibilities of the Internet resources for a study of a drug action at the most important stages. A detailed assessment of advantages of the reviewed Internet resources is done.
    Keywords:  QSAR; databases; drug design; drug discovery; in silico; online computations
  10. Health Info Libr J. 2018 Dec;35(4): 263-264
    Grant MJ.
      Responding to referee comments, the Health Information and Libraries Journal Editorial Advisory Board has been engaged in a large-scale project to review and revise local peer review processes. What has emerged is a review process which enables referees to provide a more nuanced review to the editorial team and authors. The revised processes have now been implemented in the ScholarOne Manuscripts submission system. Thank you to everyone who has contributed to peer reviewing for the Health Information and Libraries Journal in 2018.
    Keywords:  implementation; information systems; knowledge management
  11. Antibiotics (Basel). 2018 Nov 26. pii: E102. [Epub ahead of print]7(4):
    Ramirez-Malule H.
      Clavulanic acid (CA), a potent inhibitor of the β-lactam, ase enzyme, is frequently co-formulated with a broad spectrum of antibiotics to treat infections caused by β-lactamase-producing pathogens. In order to evaluate the impact and the progress of CA studies in the last four decades, a bibliometric analysis of the global scientific production of CA was carried out. A total of 39,758 records in the field of CA were indexed in the Scopus database for a 43-year period of study (1975⁻2017). The results indicated that CA studies have grown, showing three phases (1975⁻1999, 2000⁻2003 and 2004⁻2017) based on records of publications; the results showed a sigmoidal profile. Medicine was the main subject area for CA studies, whereas biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology were areas of research for CA production by Streptomyces clavuligerus (S. clavuligerus). Nevertheless, chemical engineering (as a subject area) had the highest increase in the percentage of publications related to CA production by S. clavuligerus. The United States, France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Brazil were the leading countries in the scientific production of studies on both CA and CA related to S. clavuligerus. This analysis allowed the identification of the area of knowledge with the highest impact on CA studies, the top researchers and their geographic distribution, and also helped to highlight the existence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria as an emergent area in CA research.
    Keywords:  Streptomyces clavuligerus; antibiotics; bibliometric analysis; clavulanic acid; multidrug resistant bacteria; resistant bacteria
  12. AMA J Ethics. 2018 Nov 01. pii: amajethics.2018.1059. [Epub ahead of print]20(11): E1059-1066
    O'Mathúna DP.
      Many adults, physicians, and medical students search the internet for health information. Open access has many benefits, but the variable quality of internet health information-ranging from evidence based to false-raises ethical concerns. Using Wikipedia as a case study, this article argues that everyone engaging with internet health information has ethical responsibilities. Those hosting and writing for health websites should ensure that information is evidence based, accurate, up to date, and readable and be transparent about conflicts of interest. Health care professionals, including medical students, have both ethical responsibilities to help patients avoid false or misleading health information and practical opportunities to improve the quality of internet health information. All users of such information-professionals and patients alike-should develop critical appraisal skills and apply them to internet health information to distinguish the good from the junk.
  13. Biodivers Data J. 2018 ; e28073
    Specht A, Bolton MP, Kingsford B, Specht RL, Belbin L.
      This paper discusses the process of retrieval and updating legacy data to allow on-line discovery and delivery. There are many pitfalls of institutional and non-institutional ecological data conservation over the long term. Interruptions to custodianship, old media, lost knowledge and the continuous evolution of species names makes resurrection of old data challenging. We caution against technological arrogance and emphasise the importance of international standards. We use a case study of a compiled set of continent-wide vegetation survey data for which, although the analyses had been published, the raw data had not. In the original study, publications containing plot data collected from the 1880s onwards had been collected, interpreted, digitised and integrated for the classification of vegetation and analysis of its conservation status across Australia. These compiled data are an extremely valuable national collection that demanded publishing in open, readily accessible online repositories, such as the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network ( and the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA:, the Australian node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF: It is hoped that the lessons learnt from this project may trigger a sober review of the value of endangered data, the cost of retrieval and the importance of suitable and timely archiving through the vicissitudes of technological change, so the initial unique collection investment enables multiple re-use in perpetuity.
    Keywords:  data conservation; data curation; data retrieval; legacy data; long-term data accessibility
  14. Res Integr Peer Rev. 2018 ;3 12
    Faulkes Z.
      Background: Disputes over authorship are increasing. This paper examines the options that researchers have in resolving authorship disputes. Discussions about authorship disputes often address how to prevent disputes but rarely address how to resolve them. Both individuals and larger research communities are harmed by the limited options for dispute resolution.Main body: When authorship disputes arise after publication, most existing guidelines recommend that the authors work out the disputes between themselves. But this is unlikely to occur, because there are often large power differentials between team members, and institutions (e.g., universities, funding agencies) are unlikely to have authority over all team members. Other collaborative disciplines that deal with issues of collaborative creator credit could provide models for scientific authorship. Arbitration or mediation could provide solutions to authorship disputes where few presently exist. Because authors recognize journals' authority to make decisions about manuscripts submitted to the journal, journals are well placed to facilitate alternative dispute resolution processes.
    Conclusion: Rather than viewing authorship disputes as rare events that must be handled on a case by case basis, researchers and journals should view the potential for disputes as predictable, preventable, and soluble. Independent bodies that can offer alternative dispute resolution services to scientific collaborators and/or journals could quickly help research communities, particularly their most vulnerable members.
    Keywords:  Alternative dispute resolution; Authorship
  15. Colorectal Dis. 2018 Nov 25.
    Connelly TM, Khan MS, Alzamzami M, Cooke F.
      AIM: Although the internet is commonly the first port of call for medical information it provides unregulated data of variable quality. We aimed to evaluate commonly accessed web-based information on intestinal stomas using validated and novel scoring systems.METHODS: The keywords 'stoma,' 'colostomy,' 'ileostomy' and 'bowel bag' were entered into the most commonly used internet search engines (Google, Bing and Yahoo). The first ten websites from each search were analysed using the validated Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria and DISCERN scoring systems. A novel stoma-specific score was devised and applied.
    RESULTS: Forty-three unique websites were identified. The majority (49%) were from nonprofit or governmental agencies and 9% were from commercial entities. The mean total DISCERN score for all websites was 42.4+/- 10.2 (maximum possible score=75). The mean JAMA and stoma-specific scores were 2.1+/-1.0 (maximum possible score=4) and 12.9+/-6.1 (maximum possible score=27). The lowest JAMA scores were in the category of attribution with 70% of websites lacking references for the information provided. A total of 88% displayed disclosure/paid advertiser information. Surgery was described in 67%., an image or diagram was provided in 58% and in 72% a stomal therapist/nurse was mentioned. Iinformation on when to seek medical help was provided in 51%.
    CONCLUSION: Web-based information on stomas is of variable content and quality. Authorship and information sources are often unclear.. Only half provided information on when to seek medical help for complications including high output and dehydration. These findings should be highlighted to patients utilising the internet to obtain information on stomas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  16. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 20. 11 MR000005
    Scherer RW, Meerpohl JJ, Pfeifer N, Schmucker C, Schwarzer G, von Elm E.
      BACKGROUND: Abstracts of presentations at scientific meetings are usually available only in conference proceedings. If subsequent full publication of results reported in these abstracts is based on the magnitude or direction of the results, publication bias may result. Publication bias creates problems for those conducting systematic reviews or relying on the published literature for evidence about health and social care.OBJECTIVES: To systematically review reports of studies that have examined the proportion of meeting abstracts and other summaries that are subsequently published in full, the time between meeting presentation and full publication, and factors associated with full publication.
    SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Science Citation Index, reference lists, and author files. The most recent search was done in February 2016 for this substantial update to our earlier Cochrane Methodology Review (published in 2007).
    SELECTION CRITERIA: We included reports of methodology research that examined the proportion of biomedical results initially presented as abstracts or in summary form that were subsequently published. Searches for full publications had to be at least two years after meeting presentation.
    DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors extracted data and assessed risk of bias. We calculated the proportion of abstracts published in full using a random-effects model. Dichotomous variables were analyzed using risk ratio (RR), with multivariable models taking into account various characteristics of the reports. We assessed time to publication using Kaplan-Meier survival analyses.
    MAIN RESULTS: Combining data from 425 reports (307,028 abstracts) resulted in an overall full publication proportion of 37.3% (95% confidence interval (CI), 35.3% to 39.3%) with varying lengths of follow-up. This is significantly lower than that found in our 2007 review (44.5%. 95% CI, 43.9% to 45.1%). Using a survival analyses to estimate the proportion of abstracts that would be published in full by 10 years produced proportions of 46.4% for all studies; 68.7% for randomized and controlled trials and 44.9% for other studies. Three hundred and fifty-three reports were at high risk of bias on one or more items, but only 32 reports were considered at high risk of bias overall.Forty-five reports (15,783 abstracts) with 'positive' results (defined as any 'significant' result) showed an association with full publication (RR = 1.31; 95% CI 1.23 to 1.40), as did 'positive' results defined as a result favoring the experimental treatment (RR =1.17; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.28) in 34 reports (8794 abstracts). Results emanating from randomized or controlled trials showed the same pattern for both definitions (RR = 1.21; 95% CI 1.10 to 1.32 (15 reports and 2616 abstracts) and RR = 1.17; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.32 (13 reports and 2307 abstracts), respectively.Other factors associated with full publication include oral presentation (RR = 1.46; 95% CI 1.40 to 1.52; studied in 143 reports with 115,910 abstracts); acceptance for meeting presentation (RR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.48 to 1.85; 22 reports with 22,319 abstracts); randomized trial design (RR = 1.51; 95% CI 1.36 to 1.67; 47 reports with 28,928 abstracts); and basic research (RR = 0.78; 95% CI 0.74 to 0.82; 92 reports with 97,372 abstracts). Abstracts originating at an academic setting were associated with full publication (RR = 1.60; 95% CI 1.34 to 1.92; 34 reports with 16,913 abstracts), as were those considered to be of higher quality (RR = 1.46; 95% CI 1.23 to 1.73; 12 reports with 3364 abstracts), or having high impact (RR = 1.60; 95% CI 1.41 to 1.82; 11 reports with 6982 abstracts). Sensitivity analyses excluding reports that were abstracts themselves or classified as having a high risk of bias did not change these findings in any important way.In considering the reports of the methodology research that we included in this review, we found that reports published in English or from a native English-speaking country found significantly higher proportions of studies published in full, but that there was no association with year of report publication. The findings correspond to a proportion of abstracts published in full of 31.9% for all reports, 40.5% for reports in English, 42.9% for reports from native English-speaking countries, and 52.2% for both these covariates combined.
    AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: More than half of results from abstracts, and almost a third of randomized trial results initially presented as abstracts fail to be published in full and this problem does not appear to be decreasing over time. Publication bias is present in that 'positive' results were more frequently published than 'not positive' results. Reports of methodology research written in English showed that a higher proportion of abstracts had been published in full, as did those from native English-speaking countries, suggesting that studies from non-native English-speaking countries may be underrepresented in the scientific literature. After the considerable work involved in adding in the more than 300 additional studies found by the February 2016 searches, we chose not to update the search again because additional searches are unlikely to change these overall conclusions in any important way.
  17. Health Info Libr J. 2018 Dec;35(4): 331-335
    Cannon P.
      This study sought to revise the collection development policy for a bibliotherapy library used by the residents at a women's AOD treatment centre in Tampa, Florida (USA). The research was conducted by Peter Cannon as part of his PhD on rhetoric and reading therapies. The article summarises the key findings from a reading preference survey of the residents and a semi-structured group interview of the mental health professionals at the centre. The results are used to support the development of a new bibliotherapy model that Peter has termed neurorhetoric narratology. Preliminary findings suggest this new model can offer the residents a new bibliotherapy track that employs less emotionally triggering texts that will be useful for treatment.
    Keywords:  bibliotherapy; collection development; health care; libraries, medical; mental health services
  18. Fam Pract. 2018 Nov 26.
    Sebo P, Fournier JP, Maisonneuve H.
      Objective: We aimed to compare the number of submissions until acceptance and the time to publication between articles co-authored and articles not co-authored by statisticians.Methods: We randomly selected 781 articles published in 2016 in 18 high impact factor journals of general internal medicine and primary care. For each article, we retrieved its date of submission to the journal and its first publication; we also contacted its corresponding author and asked about the number of submissions necessary from the first submission to a journal until acceptance and whether the article was co-authored by a statistician. After having excluded qualitative studies, we compared the articles co-authored with those not co-authored by statisticians in terms of number of submissions and submission-to-publication time, using negative binomial and Cox regressions, adjusted for intracluster correlations.
    Results: One hundred fifty-eight authors completed the questionnaire (20%); 136 articles with quantitative design were included in the study. Overall, 63 articles (46%) were co-authored by statisticians. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of submissions (statistician group: mean 2.1 (SD 1.1) versus 2.2 (SD 1.2), P value 0.87). By contrast, we found a statistically significant difference in the submission-to-publication time (statistician group: median 211 days [interquartile range (IQR) 171] versus 260 (IQR 144); hazard ratio 1.44 (95% CI 1.01-2.03), adjusted P value 0.04).
    Conclusions: Papers co-authored by statisticians have a shorter time to publication. We encourage researchers to closely involve statisticians in the design, conduct and statistical analysis of research, not only to ensure high standards of quality but also to speed up its publication.
  19. PLoS One. 2018 ;13(11): e0207655
    Ekundayo TC, Okoh AI.
      Plesiomonas shigelloides is an emerging pathogen with damaging effects on human health such as gastroenteritis and extraintestinal infections. Here, we carried out a bibliometric survey that aimed to examine publication trends in Plesiomonas-related research by time and place, international collaborative works, identify gaps and suggest directions for future research. The search term "Plesiomonas shigelloides" was used to retrieve articles published between 1990 and 2017 from the Web of Science database. Only primary research articles were included in the analysis. A total of 155 articles were published within the survey period, with an average of 5.54±2.66 articles per year and an annual growth rate of -0.8%. Research output peaked in 2000 and 2006 (each accounting for 7.7% of the total). The United States ranked first in terms of numbers of articles (n = 29, 18.1%) and total citations (n = 451). Cameroon, Canada, Cuba, Switzerland and Turkey co-shared the 10th position each with 2 articles (1.3%). Research collaboration was low (collaboration index = 3. 32). In addition to Plesiomonas shigelloides (n = 82, 52.9%), the top Authors Keywords and research focus included lipopolysaccharide and nuclear magnetic resonance (n = 13, 8.4%). Diarrhea (n = 43, 27.7%), Aeromonas species (n = 41, 26.5%) and infections (n = 31, 20.0%) were also highly represented in Keywords-Plus. Authors' collaborations and coupling networks formed two mega-clusters which nodes were shared solely by authors from high-income countries. The common conceptual framework in retrieved articles determined by K-means clustering revealed three clusters with sizes of 7, 16, and 29, representing research responses focused on extraintestinal and gastroenteritis, P. shigelloides lipopolysaccharide structure, and co-infections, respectively. Our bibliometric analysis revealed a global diminishing research in Plesiomonas; greater research outcomes from high-income countries compared to others and low collaboration with developing countries.