bims-evares Biomed News
on Evaluation of research
Issue of 2020‒05‒10
twenty-one papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Antibiotics (Basel). 2020 Apr 29. pii: E219. [Epub ahead of print]9(5):
    Arshad AI, Ahmad P, Karobari MI, Asif JA, Alam MK, Mahmood Z, Abd Rahman N, Mamat N, Kamal MA.
      Citation frequencies represent the most significant contributions in any respective field. This bibliometric analysis aimed to identify and analyze the 100 most-cited publications in the field of antibiotics and to highlight the trends of research in this field. "All databases" of Clarivate Analytics' Web of Science was used to identify and analyze the 100 publications. The articles were then cross-matched with Scopus and Google Scholar. The frequency of citation ranged from 940 to 11,051 for the Web of Science, 1053 to 10,740 for Scopus, and 1162 to 20,041 for Google Scholar. A total of 513 authors made contributions to the ranked list, and Robert E.W. Hancock contributed in six articles, which made it to the ranked list. Sixty-six scientific contributions originated from the United States of America. Five publications were linked to the University of Manitoba, Canada, that was identified as the educational organization, made the most contributions (n = 5). According to the methodological design, 26 of the most cited works were review-type closely followed by 23 expert opinions/perspectives. Eight articles were published in Nature journal, making it the journal with the most scientific contribution in this field. Correlation analysis between the publication age and citation frequency was found statistically significant (p = 0.012).
    Keywords:  antibacterial; antibiotics; antimicrobials; bibliometric analysis; citation classics; top-cited articles
  2. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020 May 07. 8(5): e11567
    Kan WC, Chou W, Chien TW, Yeh YT, Chou PH.
      BACKGROUND: Many previous papers have investigated most-cited articles or most productive authors in academics, but few have studied most-cited authors. Two challenges are faced in doing so, one of which is that some different authors will have the same name in the bibliometric data, and the second is that coauthors' contributions are different in the article byline. No study has dealt with the matter of duplicate names in bibliometric data. Although betweenness centrality (BC) is one of the most popular degrees of density in social network analysis (SNA), few have applied the BC algorithm to interpret a network's characteristics. A quantitative scheme must be used for calculating weighted author credits and then applying the metrics in comparison.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to apply the BC algorithm to examine possible identical names in a network and report the most-cited authors for a journal related to international mobile health (mHealth) research.
    METHODS: We obtained 676 abstracts from Medline based on the keywords "JMIR mHealth and uHealth" (Journal) on June 30, 2018. The author names, countries/areas, and author-defined keywords were recorded. The BCs were then calculated for the following: (1) the most-cited authors displayed on Google Maps; (2) the geographical distribution of countries/areas for the first author; and (3) the keywords dispersed by BC and related to article topics in comparison on citation indices. Pajek software was used to yield the BC for each entity (or node). Bibliometric indices, including h-, g-, and x-indexes, the mean of core articles on g(Ag)=sum (citations on g-core/publications on g-core), and author impact factor (AIF), were applied.
    RESULTS: We found that the most-cited author was Sherif M Badawy (from the United States), who had published six articles on JMIR mHealth and uHealth with high bibliometric indices (h=3; AIF=8.47; x=4.68; Ag=5.26). We also found that the two countries with the highest BC were the United States and the United Kingdom and that the two keyword clusters of mHealth and telemedicine earned the highest indices in comparison to other counterparts. All visual representations were successfully displayed on Google Maps.
    CONCLUSIONS: The most cited authors were selected using the authorship-weighted scheme (AWS), and the keywords of mHealth and telemedicine were more highly cited than other counterparts. The results on Google Maps are novel and unique as knowledge concept maps for understanding the feature of a journal. The research approaches used in this study (ie, BC and AWS) can be applied to other bibliometric analyses in the future.
    Keywords:  Google Maps; authorship collaboration; betweenness centrality; knowledge concept map; social network analysis; the author-weighted scheme
  3. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020 Mar;32(3): 287-293
    Lu Z, Liu Y, Zheng Y, Zhang J, Xiao W, Hua T, Yang M.
      OBJECTIVE: To explore the progress of microcirculation research in shock and sepsis from 2000 to 2019 based on knowledge visualization analysis.METHODS: The literatures related to microcirculation of shock and sepsis published in Web of Science and Wanfang databases were collected from 2000 to 2019. Then, data collected was sorted out and used to make bar charts and curves reflecting the growth trend of the literatures using Excel software. The information about country, institution and author were extracted by CiteSpace 5.0 R1 for generating co-occurring network, to find the main research power and each cooperative relation. This software was also used to analyze the related-keywords and cited reference, so that the map of co-citation reference was drawn subsequently to explore the frontiers and hot spots in this field.
    RESULTS: There were a total of 2 000 Chinese "papers" or "dissertations", 1 823 English "articles" or "reviews", collected preliminarily. The Chinese literatures were only statistically described for the amounts, institutions and authors, however, all retrieved English literatures were enrolled in the visualization analysis eventually. From 2009 to 2019, the number of English literatures rose steadily; however, the number of Chinese literatures had been sliding since 2011. On terms of quality, the impact factors of most literatures were under 6, lacking high quality ones, and the number remained stable every year. According to the analysis of English literatures, the top three countries that published related papers around the world were Germany (n = 430), the United States (n = 401) and Netherlands (n = 223). In the aspect of research institutions, the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) ranked first in the Web of Science (n = 113), while the institution in China with the most publications was the Southern Medical University (n = 71). According to the analysis of co-occurring author network, there were three major globe scientific groups in which Can Ince, Daniel De Backer and Jean-Louis Vincent contributed most to this research field. The top three authors who published most Chinese papers were Niu Chunyu (n = 20), Zhao Zigang (n = 18) and Duan Meili (n = 13). By generating the co-occurring keyword mapping, the research hot spots mainly focused on "blood flow", "nitric oxide", "hemorrhagic shock" and "perfusion". However, these burst keywords, including "cardiogenic shock", "acute kidney injury", "fluid resuscitation", "sublingual microcirculation", "mortality", "oxidative stress", and "critically ill patient", represented the frontiers in microcirculation research of shock and sepsis field. Finally, the results of co-citation reference analysis showed that "sublingual microcirculation" and "mottling score" were most active, indicating that the research of microcirculation monitoring technology could be considered as a hot spot and also the frontier in this field, which was consistent with the results of co-occurring keywords network.
    CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge visualization analysis can visually exhibit the hot spot and trend of microcirculation research in shock and sepsis. The power was mainly focused on a few developed countries in Europe, and the trend was more inclined to the related microcirculation monitoring technology.
  4. J Vasc Surg. 2020 Apr 28. pii: S0741-5214(20)31082-X. [Epub ahead of print]
    Debus ES, Hinrichs DL, Grundmann RT.
      OBJECTIVES: Vascular surgical publication activity in the English-language literature over a ten-year interval may have changed. This study sought to identify which countries make the most contributions and whether significant shifts have occurred in this time.DESIGN: retrospective study.
    METHODS: Screening of 15 international journals in PubMed was performed for the time periods 2006-2007 and 2016-2017, for papers published by a first author belonging to a vascular surgery department. Data were collected by country regarding the total number of publications, cumulative impact factors (IFs), publications per inhabitant, IFs per inhabitant and number of randomized controlled trials/meta-analyses/systematic reviews per country in both periods.
    RESULTS: A total of 975 and 1 459 papers were found for 2006-2007 and 2016-2017, respectively. Between 2006-2007, most papers (n=400; 41.0%; 1 308.3 IFs) came from the United States of America (USA), followed by the United Kingdom (n=168; 17.2%; 462.3 IFs) and the Netherlands (n=74; 7.6%; 182.6 IFs). Between 2016-2017 the USA led again with 607 (41.6%) papers (1 968.0 IFs), followed by the United Kingdom with 119 (8.2%) papers (640.5 IFs) and the Netherlands with 107 (7.3%) papers (355.6 IFs). From the top 15 countries, the Netherlands and Sweden contributed the most articles per inhabitant during both time periods. During both time periods, the United Kingdom published the most randomized controlled trials/meta-analyses/systematic reviews.
    CONCLUSION: Vascular surgeons from the USA and the United Kingdom were the most productive in total numbers of English language publications during both time periods. However, the Netherlands and Sweden were more active in relation to their population size.
    Keywords:  Country; Impact factor; Journal; Vascular surgery; bibliometric analysis
  5. J Knee Surg. 2020 May 05.
    Ennis HE, Bondar K, McCormick J, Chen CJ, Donnally CJ, Kaplan L.
      The rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) retear remains high and revision ACL reconstruction has worse outcomes compared with primaries. To make advances in this area, a strong understanding of influential research is necessary. One method for systematically evaluating the literature is by citation analysis. This article aims to establish and evaluate "classic" articles. With consideration of these articles, this article also aims to evaluate gaps in the field and determine where future research should be directed. The general approach for data collection and analysis consisted of planning objectives, employing a defined strategy, reviewing search results using a multistep and multiauthor approach with specific screening criteria, and analyzing data. The collective number of citations for all publications within the list was 5,203 with an average of 104 citations per publication. "Biomechanical Measures during Landing and Postural Stability Predict Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Return to Sport" by Paterno et al contained both the highest number of total citations and the highest number of citations per year, with 403 total citations and 43.9 citations per year. The most recurring level of evidence were level II (n = 18) and level III (n = 17). "Clinical Outcomes" was the most common article type (n = 20) followed by "Risk Factors" (n = 10). The American Journal of Sports Medicine had the highest recorded Cite Factor with over 50% of the articles (n = 27) published. The most productive authors included R.W. Wright (n = 6), S.D. Barber-Westin (n = 5), F.R. Noyes (n = 5), and K.P. Spindler (n = 5). Historically, influential studies have been published in the realms of clinical outcome and risk factor identification. It has been established that revision ACL reconstruction has worse outcomes and more high-level studies are needed. Additionally, prospective studies that apply the knowledge for current known risk factor mitigation are needed to determine if graft tear rates can be lowered.
  6. Animals (Basel). 2020 Apr 30. pii: E780. [Epub ahead of print]10(5):
    Pastrana CI, González FJN, Ciani E, Capote CJB, Bermejo JVD.
      The lack of applied scientific research on camels, despite them being recognized as production animals, compels the reorganization of emerging camel breeding systems with the aim of achieving successful camel welfare management strategies all over the world. Relevant and properly-framed research widely impacts dissemination of scientific contents and drives public willingness to enhance ethically acceptable conditions for domestic animals. Consumer perception of this livestock industry will improve and high-quality products will be obtained. This paper draws on bibliometric indicators as promoting factors for camel-related research advances, tracing historical scientific publications indexed in ScienceDirect directory from 1880-2019. Camel as a species did not affect Journal Citation Reports (JCR) impact (p > 0.05) despite the journal, author number, corresponding author origin, discipline and publication year affecting it (p < 0.001). Countries with traditionally well-established camel farming are also responsible for the papers with the highest academic impact. However, camel research advances may have only locally and partially influenced welfare related laws, so intentional harming acts and basic needs neglect may persist in these species. A sustainable camel industry requires those involved in camel research to influence business stakeholders and animal welfare advocacies by highlighting the benefits of camel wellbeing promotion, co-innovation partnership establishment and urgent enhancement of policy reform.
    Keywords:  animal welfare; bibliometrics; camels; emerging industry; international research; law enforcement; science–society dialogue
  7. Foods. 2020 May 01. pii: E556. [Epub ahead of print]9(5):
    Maléchaux A, Le Dréau Y, Artaud J, Dupuy N.
      The authenticity and traceability of olive oils have been a growing concern over the past decades, generating numerous scientific studies. This article applies the tools of bibliometric analyses to explore the evolution and strategic orientation of the research focused on olive oil geographical and varietal origins. A corpus of 732 papers published in 178 different journals between 1991 and 2018 was considered. The most productive journals, authors and countries are highlighted, as well as the most cited articles associated with specific analytical techniques. A cluster analysis on the keywords generates 8 main themes of research, each focused on different analytical techniques or compounds of interest. A network between these thematic clusters and the main authors indicates their area of expertise. The metabolomics methods are drawing increasing interest and studies focused on the relationships between the origin and the sensory or nutritional properties provided by minor compounds of olive oils appear to be future lines of research.
    Keywords:  bibliometrics; clustering; keywords analysis; network of authors; olive oil
  8. Global Health. 2020 May 08. 16(1): 44
    Sweileh WM.
      BACKGROUND: Assessing research activity is important for planning future protective and adaptive policies. The objective of the current study was to assess research activity on climate change and health with an emphasis on infectious diseases.METHOD: A bibliometric method was applied using SciVerse Scopus. Documents on climate change and human health were called "health-related literature" while documents on climate change and infectious diseases were called "infection-related literature". The study period was from 1980 to 2019.
    RESULTS: The search query found 4247 documents in the health-related literature and 1207 in the infection-related literature. The growth of publications showed a steep increase after 2007. There were four research themes in the health-related literature: (1) climate change and infectious diseases; (2) climate change, public health and food security; (3) heat waves, mortality, and non-communicable diseases; and (4) climate change, air pollution, allergy, and respiratory health. The most frequently encountered pathogens/infectious diseases in the infection-related literature were malaria and dengue. Documents in infection-related literature had a higher h-index than documents in the health-related literature. The top-cited documents in the health-related literature focused on food security, public health, and infectious diseases while those in infection-related literature focused on water-, vector-, and mosquito-borne diseases. The European region had the highest contribution in health-related literature (n = 1626; 38.3%) and infection-related literature (n = 497; 41.2%). The USA led with 1235 (29.1%) documents in health-related literature and 365 (30.2%) documents in infection-related literature. The Australian National University ranked first in the health-related literature while the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine ranked first in the infection-related literature. International research collaboration was inadequate. Documents published in the Environmental Health Perspectives journal received the highest citations per document. A total of 1416 (33.3%) documents in the health-related literature were funded while 419 (34.7%) documents in the infection-related literature were funded.
    CONCLUSION: Research on climate change and human health is on the rise with research on infection-related issues making a good share. International research collaboration should be funded and supported. Future research needs to focus on the impact of climate change on psychosocial, mental, innovations, policies, and preparedness of health systems.
    Keywords:  Bibliometric analysis; Climate change; Health; Infectious diseases
  9. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020 Mar;32(3): 294-300
    Wang D, Zhao J, He T, Wang Q, Jiang X, Yuan Y.
      OBJECTIVE: To understand the current situation of research in the field of sepsis caused by Gram positive bacteria (G+ bacteria) in China, to clarify the research content and analyze its general research direction, so as to find the hot topics of research in recent years.METHODS: The literatures in SinoMed related to sepsis caused by G+ bacteria and published in Chinese from building database to October 2019 were screened. The distribution and trend of the published year, journals, research institutions and researchers of relevant literature were analyzed, and Ucinet 6.0 software was used to draw the social network graph of the researchers and to analyze their internal relations. The subject words of related literatures were extracted. The relationship among the subject words in related literatures was arranged according to the centrality by NetDraw in Ucinet 6.0 software, the bibliographic information co-occurrence analysis system software (BICOMS2 software) was used to classify the subject words and the visualization matrix was generated. The graph clustering tool software (gCLUTO software) was used to cluster the subject words, and the visualization surface graph was generated to analyze the current research hot spot, research trend and research direction of G+ bacteria-induced sepsis.
    RESULTS: A total of 1 976 literatures about sepsis caused by G+ bacteria were retrieved, and 26 literatures in conference summaries, news reports, research information, missing content, or inconsistent with the theme were excluded. Finally, a total of 1 950 literatures were enrolled in final analysis. The number of published literatures analysis showed that from 1979 to 1992, there were few studies about sepsis caused by G+ bacteria, which increased geometrically from 2008, and the number of literatures published from 2008 to 2018 was 1 144, accounting for 58.67% (1 144/1 950). From 1979 to 2019, 23 high-yield institutions published more than 5 literatures, of which 6 were institutions with 10 or more literatures, and only one institution with more than 20 literatures. There were only 5 journals with more than 100 articles, 5 381 authors involved in the literatures, but few authors with more than 10 literatures published, and no inter-provincial or inter-municipal cooperation was found. A social network analysis of 103 high-frequency subject words that appeared more than 5 times showed that the study of sepsis caused by G+ bacteria mainly focused on "sepsis", including the incidence of sepsis caused by drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus was on the rise, especially in newborns and children with weakened immune systems, the selection of therapeutic drugs gradually developed to glycopeptides with strong anti-drug resistance and synthetic oxazolidinones. The research and development of drugs for the treatment of sepsis caused by G+ bacteria might become a new research direction or field in the future. Cluster analysis of 103 high-frequency subject words showed that the research hot spots of G+ bacteria-induced sepsis mainly focused on five topics, namely early diagnosis of sepsis; bacterial infection pathway of sepsis, nosocomial infection and bacterial drug resistance; the basis of epidemiological prevention and treatment of sepsis; venous catheter infection-related sepsis; the treatment, nursing and prognosis of patients with sepsis.
    CONCLUSIONS: The studies of sepsis caused by G+ bacteria are winning more and more attention, but the resources sharing and academic exchanges among hospitals need to be further improved.
  10. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 05. pii: E3204. [Epub ahead of print]17(9):
    Gonzalez J, Garijo I, Sanchez A.
      The debate over trafficking of human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR) remains largely absent from policy debates, as its crime is hardly detected, reported and sparsely researched. However, criminal networks continue to exploit vulnerable populations, particularly migrants. To help bridge this gap in knowledge, we employ a bibliometric analysis to examine whether the nexus between organ removal and migration is being addressed by the current academic literature. Our results indicate that (1) research exploring the link between THBOR and migrants is relatively scarce; (2) organ trafficking literature output is largely clustered in a couple of Western countries, and (3) despite the international nature of the topic, most empirical studies on organ trafficking and migration lack representation within the social sciences and humanities. Taken together, our results point to a huge gap on scientific publications between THBOR and migration. Quantitative data is required to lift the current knowledge constraints and better inform policymakers.
    Keywords:  THBOR; health; human trafficking; migration; organ trafficking; refugees
  11. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 May;pii: S1936-878X(20)30199-6. [Epub ahead of print]13(5): 1256-1269
    Choi AD, Geske JB, Lopez-Mattei JC, Parwani P, Wang DD, Winchester DE, Sengupta PP, Zoghbi WA, Shaw LJ, Chandrashekhar YS, Blankstein R.
      Since its inception in 2008, JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging (iJACC) has served as an important publication for all contemporary aspects of cardiovascular imaging. Understanding the dissemination trends in cardiovascular imaging has traditionally been evaluated through citations that assess interest in the research community. Recently, social media, alternative metrics (Altmetrics), and other modern metrics have enabled a more broader understanding of the interests of clinical readership. Through the prism of Altmetrics, this review discusses the most impactful studies across the spectrum of cardiovascular imaging within and outside of iJACC during a 3-year period (2017 to 2019). The top 100 Altmetrics iJACC articles in this timeframe, included articles with the highest impact with the combination of high Altmetrics (median: 66; interquartile range [IQR]: 56 to 108), high citations (median: 26; IQR: 17 to 34), and high downloads (median: 9,626; IQR: 5,770 to 11,435). This review aims to provide a framework to understand how to incorporate these metrics for a modern approach to dissemination of knowledge in the field of cardiovascular imaging.
    Keywords:  Altmetrics; cardiac computed tomography; cardiac magnetic resonance; echocardiography; interventional cardiology; medical publishing; nuclear cardiology; social media; structural
  12. Saudi Med J. 2020 May;41(5): 524-531
    Alsaif FM, Alsukait SF, Alsaad AB, Alfurayh NA, Alhallaf RA, Alhaddab SA, Alotaibi HM.
      OBJECTIVES: To analyze the quantity and characteristics of Saudi Arabia's (SA's) dermatology research publications throughout the years. Methods: A literature search was conducted between October 2018 and July 2019 in the Dermatology Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PubMed was used as a search engine, to retrieve dermatology-related publications in SA - from the date of the first article publication in 1982 to December 31, 2018. Results: Five hundred publications were included. Two-thirds of them were written between 2010 and 2018. Approximately 50% were from the central region and only 3% were multiregional studies. Funding support was described in 13% of these publications. The top 5 most-researched fields were infectious disorders (12%), genodermatosis (10%), hypopigmentation disorders (9.4%), neoplastic disorders (9%), and hair disorders (7%). Two-thirds of the publications were observational studies, and mostly case reports (44%). Conclusion: Dermatology research in SA has increased over the past decade. However, the quality of research remains inadequate. Saudi Arabia's dermatology research output is affected b   y the availability of funding and national research projects, which could improve the studies' quality. We recommend the establishment of data registry units that can aid researchers in producing high-quality studies, while encouraging the collaboration of different centers in various SA regions (and abroad) to conduct research with generalizable results.
  13. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020 Mar;32(3): 279-286
    Yi W, Wang Y, Tang J, Xiong X, Zhang Y, Yan S.
      OBJECTIVE: To discuss the research progress in the field of coronavirus (CoVs) treatment based on the visualization analysis of knowledge graph.METHODS: The related literatures in the field of CoVs treatment were retrieved from the establishment of Web of Science core collection database to February 15th, 2020, and the literature analysis tool of Web of Science database was used to count the annual trend of published literatures. The VOSviewer software was used to analyze the relationship among countries, institutions, authors, clustering and density of subject words. The HistCite software was used to screen important documents and to draw the evolution process of hot spots. The CiteSpace software was used to analyze the breakout points of subject words, so as to find the front and hot spots in this field.
    RESULTS: A total of 1 747 data were retrieved, with the exception of 17 duplicate data, and 1 730 data were retained for visualization analysis. In terms of literature volume, the literatures on CoVs therapy rose after 2003 and 2012, and the number of published literatures had remained high since 2014. In terms of countries, the main countries that carried out the research on the treatment of CoVs were the United States (n = 613), China (n = 582), Germany (n = 122), Canada (n = 99), etc., and the cooperation among countries was close. In terms of institutions, the number of papers issued by Chinese Academy of Sciences in the field of CoVs treatment ranked first (n = 82), followed by University of Hong Kong of China (n = 74) and Chinese University of Hong Kong of China (n = 58), followed by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (n = 37), and the cooperation among various institutions was close. In terms of literature authors, there were two high-yielding authors in the United States [Ralph S. Baric (n = 21) and Kuochen Chou (n = 17)], two Chinese authors [Yuen Kwok-yung (n = 17) and Jiang Shibo (n = 16)] and one Dutch author [Eric J. Snijder (n = 17)]. In terms of the cluster analysis of authors, the authors were closely related in reverse genetics, respiratory infection, receptor binding domain, etc., and the 15 top-cited papers came mainly from China, the United States, Netherlands and other countries, and the literature content represented the frontiers and hot spots in different periods. The treatment hot spots focused on preventing virus adsorption, inhibiting the virus gene nucleic acid replication, transcription and translation. The main subject words were divided into three main categories, namely, CoVs epidemiology, basic research and drug development, in which basic research and drug development were strongly correlated. In the subject words breakthrough analysis, there were time-related breakthrough points in 1991, 1996 and 2002, and the "diagnosis" and "sequence" were continuous hot spots.
    CONCLUSIONS: Through the visualization analysis of knowledge graph, the development trend and hot spots of CoVs therapy research could be well observed. In this study, the degree of attention in the field of CoVs treatment showed periodic changes, related to the outbreak of new CoVs, and the country, institutions and the author were closely related. The treatment hot spots focused on preventing virus adsorption, inhibiting the virus gene nucleic acid replication, transcription and translation in order to develop new targets of drug.
  14. Laryngoscope. 2020 May 05.
    Dorismond C, Prince AC, Farzal Z, Zanation AM.
      OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Each year, the Triological Society awards several Research Career Development Awards (CDAs) to support early-career otolaryngologists. The objective of this study was to evaluate academic outcomes of CDA recipients including National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding acquisition and h-index. A secondary objective was to appraise gender differences in outcomes among awardees.STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
    METHODS: Recipients' practice setting, degree type, academic rank, and leadership titles were determined through review of academic and private practice profiles in October 2019. NIH funding was assessed using the NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool and the h-index was calculated using the Scopus database.
    RESULTS: Between 2004 and 2019, 70 investigators received a CDA. Of the 65 awardees prior to 2019, 26 (40.0%) obtained NIH grants after the CDA. Having an MD/PhD or MD/master's was not associated with NIH funding attainment (P = .891) nor with higher funding total (P = .109). However, funding total was significantly higher for full professors compared to assistant professors (P = .022). The median h-index among awardees was 16 (interquartile range = 11-21) and differed significantly by academic rank (P < .001). Moreover, 23 CDAs (32.9%) were awarded to women. However, fewer female recipients obtain NIH funding after the CDA compared to men (10.5% vs. 52.2%, P = .002), and they had significantly lower h-indices than men (10 vs. 17, P < .001).
    CONCLUSIONS: As a cohort, CDA awardees achieve higher academic success than academic otolaryngologists in general. However, female CDA recipients lag behind their male colleagues, highlighting the need for more research to uncover contributors to gender differences and ways to foster equity in research.
    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA Laryngoscope, 2020.
    Keywords:   h-index; Career development awards; National Institutes of Health funding; gender; otolaryngology
  15. Sci Rep. 2020 May 07. 10(1): 7731
    Feng S, Kirkley A.
      There are inherent challenges to interdisciplinary research collaboration, such as bridging cognitive gaps and balancing transaction costs with collaborative benefits. This raises the question: Does interdisciplinary research collaboration necessarily result in disciplinary diversity among collaborators? We aim to explore this question by assessing collaborative preferences in interdisciplinary research at multiple scales through the examinination of disciplinary mixing patterns at the individual, dyadic, and team level in a coauthor network from the field of artificial intelligence in education, an emerging interdisciplinary area. Our key finding is that disciplinary diversity is reflected by diverse research experiences of individual researchers rather than diversity within pairs or groups of researchers. We also examine intergroup mixing by applying a novel approach to classify the active and non-active researchers in the collaboration network based on participation in multiple teams. We find a significant difference in indicators of academic performance and experience between the clusters of active and non-active researchers, suggesting intergroup mixing as a key factor in academic success. Our results shed light on the nature of team formation in interdisciplinary research, as well as highlight the importance of interdisciplinary training.
  16. J Hip Preserv Surg. 2020 Jan;7(1): 14-21
    von Glinski A, Yilmaz E, Goodmanson R, Pierre C, Frieler S, Shaffer A, Ishak B, Lee CB, Mayo K.
      The purpose of this study was to identify the 30 most cited articles on hip arthroscopy and discuss their influence on recent surgical treatment. Due to advancements in hip arthroscopy, there is a widening spectrum of diagnostic and treatment indications. The purpose of this study was to identify the 30 most cited articles on hip arthroscopy and discuss their influence on contemporary surgical treatment. The Thomson Reuters Web of Science was used to identify the 30 most cited studies on hip arthroscopy between 1900 and 2018. These 30 articles generated 6152 citations with an average of 205.07 citations per item. Number of citations ranged from 146 to 461. Twenty-five out of the 30 papers were clinical cohort studies with a level of evidence between III and IV, encompassing 4348 patients. Four studies were reviewed (one including a technical note) and one a case report. We were able to identify the 30 most cited articles in the field of hip arthroscopy. Most articles were reported in high-impact journals, but reported small sample sizes in a retrospective setting. Prospective multi-arm cohort trials or randomized clinical trials represent opportunities for future studies.
  17. Pan Afr Med J. 2020 ;35(Suppl 1): 14
    Kornbluh R, Davis R.
      Introduction: Beginning with the 1960s, this review analyzes trends in publications on measles indexed by the National Library of Medicine from January 1960 to mid-2018. It notes both the growth in numbers of published papers, and the increasing number and proportion of publications, in the current century, of articles on such items as costing, measles elimination, and determinants of coverage.Methods: A two-person team extracted from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) homepage all citations on measles beginning in 1960 and continuing through mid-2018. These were then classified both by overall number and by subject matter, with tabular summaries of both by decade and by subject matter. The tabular presentation forms the basis for a discussion of the ten most frequently cited subjects, and publication trends, with a special emphasis on the current century.
    Results: As in the past, the most often currently published items have been on coverage and its determinants, measles elimination, outbreak reports, SSPE, and SIAs. The putative relationship between vaccination and autism saw a spurt of articles in the 1990s, rapidly declining after the IOM report rejecting the causative hypothesis.
    Conclusion: There is a discussion on the sequencing of polio and measles eradication, the former unlikely before 2022, and an examination of likely research priorities as the world moves from measles control to measles eradication. There is a key role for social science in combatting vaccination reticence. The role of technical innovations, such as micropatch vaccination, is discussed.
    Keywords:  Measles; coverage; elimination; epidemiology; eradication; panencephalis (SSPE); routine immunization; supplementary immunization activities (SIAs); surveillance
  18. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2020 May 06. 16(1): 23
    Sotero MC, Alves ÂGC, Arandas JKG, Medeiros MFT.
      BACKGROUND: Bridging the gap between local and scientific knowledge can have useful implications in the teaching-learning process because it can create environments conducive to the valorization of sociocultural diversity in schools. The present review aims to analyze the profile and contributions of scientific publications dealing with articulations between local and scientific knowledge in basic formal education.METHOD: Combined searches of 14 terms related to ethnoscience and 20 terms of education were conducted in English, Portuguese, and Spanish using the databases of Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and Scielo. The recovered works were filtered, organized in a spreadsheet, and analyzed for publication characteristics (year, author, periodicals, countries of origin of the authors, and countries surveyed) and contents of the studies (epistemological bases, techniques of application, and record of the articulation of local and scientific knowledge).
    RESULTS: The research field that establishes these articulations is growing, with 81% of the works being written in the English language. A total of 494 researchers were recorded. The USA, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, and Australia were the countries of origin of the first author for the majority (64%) of the works considered. Multiculturalism, Vygotskian theory of learning, postcolonial theory, constructivism, critical pedagogy, and the argumentation theory were the main theoretical bases of half of the recovered works in which some explicit theoretical orientation could be found. Teacher training and interviews stood out as important tools in the application and record of links between local and scientific knowledge, respectively.
    CONCLUSIONS: Interdisciplinary approaches were common in the conception and application of pedagogical activities reported in the recovered works. Articulations between local and scientific knowledge are effective for culturally-sensitive scientific education, especially (but not exclusively) in schools directly related to traditional communities. There was a tendency to emphasize the teacher as a fundamental agent in the search for education that establishes these articulations. The authors of the analyzed works frequently indicated a need for greater proximity of the community to school spaces.
    Keywords:  Contextualized education; Database searches; Ethnobiology; Multiculturalism; Scientometrics; Teaching-learning
  19. Database (Oxford). 2020 Jan 01. pii: baaa022. [Epub ahead of print]2020
    Buneman P, Christie G, Davies JA, Dimitrellou R, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Wu Y.
      We describe a system that automatically generates from a curated database a collection of short conventional publications-citation summaries-that describe the contents of various components of the database. The purpose of these summaries is to ensure that the contributors to the database receive appropriate credit through the currently used measures such as h-indexes. Moreover, these summaries also serve to give credit to publications and people that are cited by the database. In doing this, we need to deal with granularity-how many summaries should be generated to represent effectively the contributions to a database? We also need to deal with evolution-for how long can a given summary serve as an appropriate reference when the database is evolving? We describe a journal specifically tailored to contain these citation summaries. We also briefly discuss the limitations that the current mechanisms for recording citations place on both the process and value of data citation.
  20. Crisis. 2020 May 05. 1-8
    Brandt Sørensen J, Pearson M, Armstrong G, Andersen MW, Weerasinghe M, Hawton K, Konradsen F.
       Background: Media reporting may influence suicidal behavior. In-depth exploration of how self-harm and suicide are portrayed in newspaper articles in a middle-income country such as Sri Lanka is lacking. Aims: We aimed to explore how self-harm and suicide are portrayed in Sri Lankan printed newspapers. Method: Seven English- and Sinhala-language Sri Lankan newspapers were screened for articles reporting on self-harm and suicide (December 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015). A thematic analysis was conducted. Results: In the 78 articles identified for analysis, certain aspects were overemphasized (inappropriate behavior) and others underemphasized (alcohol and complexities of self-harm). Explanations of self-harm were one-sided and a suicide prevention narrative was lacking. Limitations: Another time-frame and inclusion of Tamil newspapers as well as social media and online publications would provide additional understanding. Conclusion: The study found an indication of simplistic reporting. Greater focus on prevention and a nuanced portrayal of self-harm could reduce stigma and imitative behavior.
    Keywords:  Sri Lanka; media; self-harm; suicide; thematic analysis