bims-cytox1 Biomed News
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2022‒08‒28
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay
Liverpool John Moores University

  1. Metabolites. 2022 Aug 16. pii: 748. [Epub ahead of print]12(8):
      Although often effective at treating newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM), increasing evidence suggests that chemo- and radiotherapy-induced alterations in tumor metabolism promote GBM recurrence and aggressiveness, as well as treatment resistance. Recent studies have demonstrated that alterations in glioma cell metabolism, induced by a switch in the isoform expression of cytochrome c oxidase subunit 4 (COX4), a key regulatory subunit of mammalian cytochrome c oxidase, could promote these effects. To understand how the two COX4 isoforms (COX4-1 and COX4-2) differentially affect glioma metabolism, glioma samples harvested from COX4-1- or COX4-2-overexpressing U251 cells were profiled using Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GC-MS and Liquid Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry LC-MS/MS metabolomics platforms. The concentration of 362 metabolites differed significantly in the two cell types. The two most significantly upregulated pathways associated with COX4-1 overexpression were purine and glutathione metabolism; the two most significantly downregulated metabolic pathways associated with COX4-1 expression were glycolysis and fatty acid metabolism. Our study provides new insights into how Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) regulatory subunits affect cellular metabolic networks in GBM and identifies potential targets that may be exploited for therapeutic benefit.
    Keywords:  COX4-1; cytochrome c oxidase; glioma; metabolomics