bims-cytox1 Biomed News
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2022‒08‒21
three papers selected by
Gavin McStay
Liverpool John Moores University

  1. Cell Rep. 2022 Aug 16. pii: S2211-1247(22)01021-X. [Epub ahead of print]40(7): 111204
      Electron transport chain (ETC) biogenesis is tightly coupled to energy levels and availability of ETC subunits. Complex III (CIII), controlling ubiquinol:ubiquinone ratio in ETC, is an attractive node for modulating ETC levels during metabolic stress. Here, we report the discovery of mammalian Co-ordinator of mitochondrial CYTB (COM) complexes that regulate the stepwise CIII biogenesis in response to nutrient and nuclear-encoded ETC subunit availability. The COMA complex, consisting of UQCC1/2 and membrane anchor C16ORF91, facilitates translation of CIII enzymatic core subunit CYTB. Subsequently, microproteins SMIM4 and BRAWNIN together with COMA subunits form the COMB complex to stabilize nascent CYTB. Finally, UQCC3-containing COMC facilitates CYTB hemylation and association with downstream CIII subunits. Furthermore, when nuclear CIII subunits are limiting, COMB is required to chaperone nascent CYTB to prevent OXPHOS collapse. Our studies highlight CYTB synthesis as a key regulatory node of ETC biogenesis and uncover the roles of microproteins in maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis.
    Keywords:  CP: Metabolism; CYTB; SEPs; SMIM4; UQCC1; UQCC2; complex III; electron transport chain; microproteins; nuclear-mitochondrial coordination; smORFs
  2. Life Sci Alliance. 2022 Nov;pii: e202201413. [Epub ahead of print]5(11):
      Mitochondrial respiration and metabolism play a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). Here, we report a functional pool of FKBP4, a co-chaperone protein, in the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) of colon cancer cells. We found that IMS-localized FKBP4 is essential for the maintenance of mitochondrial respiration, thus contributing to the sensitivity of COAD cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Mechanistically, FKBP4 interacts with COA6 and controls the assembly of the mitochondrial COA6/SCO1/SCO2 complex, thereby governing COA6-regulated biogenesis and activity of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV). Thus, our data reveal IMS-localized FKBP4 as a novel regulator of 5-FU sensitivity in COAD, linking mitochondrial respiration to 5-FU sensitivity in COAD.
  3. Nat Metab. 2022 Aug 15.
      Measurement of oxygen consumption is a powerful and uniquely informative experimental technique. It can help identify mitochondrial mechanisms of action following pharmacologic and genetic interventions, and characterize energy metabolism in physiology and disease. The conceptual and practical benefits of respirometry have made it a frontline technique to understand how mitochondrial function can interface with-and in some cases control-cell physiology. Nonetheless, an appreciation of the complexity and challenges involved with such measurements is required to avoid common experimental and analytical pitfalls. Here we provide a practical guide to oxygen consumption measurements covering the selection of experimental models and instrumentation, as well as recommendations for the collection, interpretation and normalization of data. These guidelines are provided with the intention of aiding experimental design and enhancing the overall reputability, transparency and reliability of oxygen consumption measurements.