bims-cytox1 Biomed News
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2019‒06‒02
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay
Staffordshire University

  1. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 May 31. pii: gkz472. [Epub ahead of print]
    Lehmann D, Tuppen HAL, Campbell GE, Alston CL, Lawless C, Rosa HS, Rocha MC, Reeve AK, Nicholls TJ, Deschauer M, Zierz S, Taylor RW, Turnbull DM, Vincent AE.
      Clonal expansion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions is an important pathological mechanism in adults with mtDNA maintenance disorders, leading to a mosaic mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency in skeletal muscle. This study had two aims: (i) to determine if different Mendelian mtDNA maintenance disorders showed similar pattern of mtDNA deletions and respiratory chain deficiency and (ii) to investigate the correlation between the mitochondrial genetic defect and corresponding respiratory chain deficiency. We performed a quantitative analysis of respiratory chain deficiency, at a single cell level, in a cohort of patients with mutations in mtDNA maintenance genes. Using the same tissue section, we performed laser microdissection and single cell genetic analysis to investigate the relationship between mtDNA deletion characteristics and the respiratory chain deficiency. The pattern of respiratory chain deficiency is similar with different genetic defects. We demonstrate a clear correlation between the level of mtDNA deletion and extent of respiratory chain deficiency within a single cell. Long-range and single molecule PCR shows the presence of multiple mtDNA deletions in approximately one-third of all muscle fibres. We did not detect evidence of a replicative advantage for smaller mtDNA molecules in the majority of fibres, but further analysis is needed to provide conclusive evidence.