bims-cytox1 Biomed news
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2018‒10‒21
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay
Staffordshire University


  1. Epilepsy Behav. 2018 Oct 10. pii: S1525-5050(18)30653-X. [Epub ahead of print]88 235-243
    Shurtleff H, Barry D, Chanprasert S, Firman T, Warner M, Saneto RP.
      INTRODUCTION: This retrospective descriptive study was undertaken to further define the intelligence profiles of children with mitochondrial disorders, in the context of seizures and age of symptom onset.METHODS: We retrospectively identified forty-nine pediatric patients with definitive mitochondrial disease diagnoses and complete intelligence or adaptive functioning testing data. Patients were 0-216 months at onset of symptoms and 61-250 months of age at testing. Twenty-four of 49 patients had seizures. Twenty-one of the 24 patients with seizures had medically intractable seizures. All patients had Wechsler Intellectual Quotient (IQ) testing, except nine patients with seizures who were unable to engage in IQ testing and were assessed with a structured parent interview measure, the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. We used descriptive and exploratory data analysis methods to characterize test results.
    RESULTS: Distribution of ages for patients with the Vineland assessment was younger than those given the Wechsler. The median overall score (combining Wechsler and Vineland summary scores) for all patients was 85 (interquartile range [IQR]: 50, 102), with the group without seizures obtaining a higher median Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) of 100 (IQR: 86, 109), compared to the group with seizures with a median FSIQ of 67 (IQR: 49.5, 89), a difference that is both statistically and clinically different (Δ = 33; 95% CI: 9, 52). The adaptive function measure was composed of patients only with intractable epilepsy and yielded the lowest overall median summary score of 43 (IQR: 37, 50). This general trend in differences between the FSIQ scores of the groups with and without seizures was also seen across all subscale measures analyzed-IQ index scores and two subtest scores, Digit Span and Coding-though differences were not always statistically different. Vargha-Delaney's A effect sizes ranged between 0.68 and 0.90, trends that mirrored those of distributional and median differences. Groups without versus with seizures differed most distinctly in Performance IQ (PIQ), with the group without seizures' median PIQ being 100 (IQR 94, 112) versus the group with seizures' median PIQ being 63 (IQR 54, 84), a difference of 37 points (95% CI).
    DISCUSSION: Results suggest that patients with mitochondrial diseases with seizures and early onset disease represent a worse cognitive phenotype, as compared with those with no seizures, who can have average intelligence. Results are discussed in the context of current literature.
    Keywords:  Epilepsy; Full Scale Intellectual Quotient; Intelligence profiles; Mitochondrial disease; Performance Intellectual Quotient
    DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.09.013