bims-cytox1 Biomed news
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2018‒05‒20
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay
New York Institute of Technology

  1. Anal Biochem. 2018 May 10. pii: S0003-2697(18)30441-X. [Epub ahead of print]
    Dias C, Lourenço CF, Barbosa RM, Laranjinha J, Ledo A.
      The evaluation of mitochondrial function provides the basis for the study of brain bioenergetics. However, analysis of brain mitochondrial respiration has been hindered by the low yield associated with mitochondria isolation procedures. Furthermore, isolating mitochondria or cells results in loss of the inherent complexity of the central nervous system. High-resolution respirometry (HRR), is a valuable tool to study mitochondrial function and has been used in diverse biological preparations ranging from isolated mitochondria to tissue homogenates and permeabilized tissue biopsies. Here we describe a novel methodology for evaluation of mitochondrial respiration using tissue preparations from the central nervous system, namely acute hippocampal slices from rodents, with HRR. By using acute intact hippocampal slices, tissue cytoarchitecture, intercellular communication and connectivity are preserved. Mitochondrial respiration was evaluated by using an adapted substrate-uncoupler-inhibitor titration (SUIT) protocol and the expected responses were observed. This methodology can be used to detect differences in mitochondrial function at the oxidative phosphorylation level and for studies with different brain oxidative substrates in physiological and neuropathological settings, by using a system that better represents the in vivo conditions than isolated mitochondria and/or cells.
    Keywords:  Bioenergetics; High-resolution respirometry; Oxidative phosphorylation; Oxygen consumption rate; Whole hippocampal slices