bims-cytox1 Biomed news
on Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1
Issue of 2018‒04‒29
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay
New York Institute of Technology

  1. Redox Biol. 2018 Apr 04. pii: S2213-2317(18)30200-3. [Epub ahead of print]17 70-88
    Cueto R, Zhang L, Shan HM, Huang X, Li X, Li YF, Lopez J, Yang WY, Lavallee M, Yu C, Ji Y, Yang X, Wang H.
      Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) which has been implicated in matochondrial (Mt) function impairment. In this study, we characterized Hcy metabolism in mouse tissues by using LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis, established tissue expression profiles for 84 nuclear-encoded Mt electron transport chain complex (nMt-ETC-Com) genes in 20 human and 19 mouse tissues by database mining, and modeled the effect of HHcy on Mt-ETC function. Hcy levels were high in mouse kidney/lung/spleen/liver (24-14 nmol/g tissue) but low in brain/heart (~5 nmol/g). S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) levels were high in the liver/kidney (59-33 nmol/g), moderate in lung/heart/brain (7-4 nmol/g) and low in spleen (1 nmol/g). S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) was comparable in all tissues (42-18 nmol/g). SAM/SAH ratio was as high as 25.6 in the spleen but much lower in the heart/lung/brain/kidney/liver (7-0.6). The nMt-ETC-Com genes were highly expressed in muscle/pituitary gland/heart/BM in humans and in lymph node/heart/pancreas/brain in mice. We identified 15 Hcy-suppressive nMt-ETC-Com genes whose mRNA levels were negatively correlated with tissue Hcy levels, including 11 complex-I, one complex-IV and two complex-V genes. Among the 11 Hcy-suppressive complex-I genes, 4 are complex-I core subunits. Based on the pattern of tissue expression of these genes, we classified tissues into three tiers (high/mid/low-Hcy responsive), and defined heart/eye/pancreas/brain/kidney/liver/testis/embryonic tissues as tier 1 (high-Hcy responsive) tissues in both human and mice. Furthermore, through extensive literature mining, we found that most of the Hcy-suppressive nMt-ETC-Com genes were suppressed in HHcy conditions and related with Mt complex assembly/activity impairment in human disease and experimental models. We hypothesize that HHcy inhibits Mt complex I gene expression leading to Mt dysfunction.
    Keywords:  Database mining; Homocysteine metabolism; Tissue expression profile