bims-climfi Biomed News
on Cerebellar cortical circuitry
Issue of 2021‒01‒03
one paper selected by
Jun Maruta
Mount Sinai Health System

  1. Cell Rep. 2020 Dec 22. pii: S2211-1247(20)31526-6. [Epub ahead of print]33(12): 108537
      Cerebellar neurons can signal sensory and motor events, but their role in active sensorimotor processing remains unclear. We record and manipulate Purkinje cell activity during a task that requires mice to rapidly discriminate between multisensory and unisensory stimuli before motor initiation. Neuropixels recordings show that both sensory stimuli and motor initiation are represented by short-latency simple spikes. Optogenetic manipulation of short-latency simple spikes abolishes or delays motor initiation in a rate-dependent manner, indicating a role in motor initiation and its timing. Two-photon calcium imaging reveals task-related coherence of complex spikes organized into conserved alternating parasagittal stripes. The coherence of sensory-evoked complex spikes increases with learning and correlates with enhanced temporal precision of motor initiation. These results suggest that both simple spikes and complex spikes govern sensory-driven motor initiation: simple spikes modulate its latency, and complex spikes refine its temporal precision, providing specific cellular substrates for cerebellar sensorimotor control.
    Keywords:  purkinje cells, simple spikes, complex spikestwo-photon imaging, optogenetics, neuropixels, cerebellum, multisensory, timing, motor initiation