bims-ciryme Biomed News
on Circadian rhythms and metabolism
Issue of 2021‒06‒13
one paper selected by
Gabriela Da Silva Xavier
University of Birmingham

  1. Front Neurosci. 2021 ;15 647589
      The circadian clock possesses robust systems to maintain the rhythm approximately 24 h, from cellular to organismal levels, whereas aging is known to be one of the risk factors linked to the alternation of circadian physiology and behavior. The amount of many metabolites in the cells/body is altered with the aging process, and the most prominent metabolite among them is the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), which is associated with posttranslational modifications of acetylation and poly-ADP-ribosylation status of circadian clock proteins and decreases with aging. However, how low NAD+ condition in cells, which mimics aged or pathophysiological conditions, affects the circadian clock is largely unknown. Here, we show that low NAD+ in cultured cells promotes PER2 to be retained in the cytoplasm through the NAD+/SIRT1 axis, which leads to the attenuated amplitude of Bmal1 promoter-driven luciferase oscillation. We found that, among the core clock proteins, PER2 is mainly affected in its subcellular localization by NAD+ amount, and a higher cytoplasmic PER2 localization was observed under low NAD+ condition. We further found that NAD+-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 is the regulator of PER2 subcellular localization. Thus, we anticipate that the altered PER2 subcellular localization by low NAD+ is one of the complex changes that occurs in the aged circadian clock.
    Keywords:  NAD+; PER2; SIRT1; circadian clock; subcelluar localization