bims-stacyt Biomed news
on Starvation pathways leading to cytokine regulation
Issue of 2018‒05‒13
two papers selected by
Cristina Muñoz Pinedo
L’Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge


  1. Biometals. 2018 May 05.
    Briones L, Andrews M, Pizarro F, Arredondo-Olguín M.
      Obesity is characterized by a chronic inflammatory process, with an increased volume of total adipose tissue, especially visceral, which secretes pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6. Hepcidin (Hpc), a main iron metabolism regulator, is synthetized by an IL-6 stimuli, among others, in liver and adipose tissue, favoring an association between the inflammatory process and iron metabolism. Still there are questions remain regarding the interaction of these factors. Our aim was to study the effect of a macrophage-conditioned medium (MCM) on adipocyte cells challenged with glucose and/or iron. We studied the mRNA relative abundance of genes related to inflammation in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells challenged with Fe (40 µM), glucose (20 mM) or Fe/glucose (40 µM/20 mM) with or without MCM for 24 h. We also measured the intracellular iron levels under these conditions. Our results showed that when adipocytes were challenged with MCM, glucose and/or Fe, the intracellular iron and mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines increased. These responses were higher when all the stimuli were combined with MCM from macrophages. Thus, we showed that combined high glucose/high Fe alone or with MCM may contribute to an increase on intracellular iron and inflammatory response in 3T3-L1 differentiated cells, by increased mRNA levels of IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1, Hpc and reducing adiponectin levels, enhancing the inflammatory processes.
    Keywords:  Adipocytes; Conditioned medium; Inflammation; Iron; Macrophages
    DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10534-018-0108-4
  2. J Proteomics. 2018 May 02. pii: S1874-3919(18)30194-5. [Epub ahead of print]
    Xiong L, Yan W, Zubia E, Zhou Y, Zhang Y, Duan Q, Narayan M, Xu G.
      A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase 12 (ADAM12) is highly expressed in multiple cancers such as breast and cervical cancers and its high expression reduces the overall patient survival rate. ADAM12 has two major splicing variants, the long membrane-anchored form ADAM12L and the short secreted form ADAM12S. However, how they are regulated and whether they are modulated similarly or differently in cells are not clear. Here, we use affinity purification and mass spectrometry to identify the ADAM12S-interacting proteins. Spectral counting and MaxQuant label-free quantification reveal that ADAM12S but not ADAM12L specifically interacts with a subset of endoplasmic reticulum proteins, such as endoplasmin (GRP94), 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), and UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase I (UGGT1), that regulate the folding and processing of secreted proteins. Further biochemical experiments validate the interaction between ADAM12S and several of its interacting proteins. Computational docking analysis demonstrates that GRP94 preferentially interacts with ADAM12S over ADAM12L. The data also suggest that both the protein expression level and the secretion of ADAM12S are regulated by GRP94 expression and knockdown. Our results reveal a link between these two proteins that are highly expressed in cancer cells. Furthermore, our studies define a new ADAM12S-specific regulator that may contribute to the cancer development.SIGNIFICANCE: A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase 12 (ADAM12) is highly expressed in many cancers such as lung, breast, and cervical cancers. ADAM12 has two major splicing variants, the long membrane-anchored form ADAM12L and the short secreted form ADAM12S. However, how they are regulated and whether they are modulated similarly or differently are not completely understood. We use affinity purification and label-free quantitative proteomics to identify the ADAM12S-interacting proteins. Our results reveal that ADAM12S specifically interacts with a subset of endoplasmic reticulum proteins, including endoplasmin (GRP94), UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase I (UGGT1), and neutral α-glucosidase AB (GANAB). Computer modeling reveals that ADAM12S interacts with the surface amino acids of GRP94 more strongly than ADAM12L. Biochemical experiments further reveal that GRP94 regulates both the protein level and the secretion of ADAM12S. Database mining finds that both GRP94 and ADAM12 are highly expressed in multiple cancers and their high expression is correlated with poor patient survival rate. Taken together, our work discovers a new upstream regulator for ADAM12S, which may contribute to its distinct functions in the regulation of the migration and invasion of cancer cells.
    Keywords:  ADAM12S; Docking; Endoplasmin (GRP94); Label-free quantification; Secretion; Spectral counting
    DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2018.04.033