bims-resufa Biomed News
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2019‒08‒18
one paper selected by
Vera Strogolova
Strong Microbials, Inc

  1. Mitochondrion. 2019 Aug 13. pii: S1567-7249(19)30050-9. [Epub ahead of print]
    Ramzan R, Rhiel A, Weber P, Kadenbach B, Vogt S.
      Almost all energy consumed by higher organisms, either in the form of ATP or heat, is produced in mitochondria by respiration and oxidative phosphorylation through five protein complexes in the inner membrane. High-resolution x-ray analysis of crystallized cytochrome c oxidase (CytOx), the final oxygen-accepting complex of the respiratory chain, isolated by using cholate as detergent, revealed a dimeric structure with 13 subunits in each monomer. In contrast, CytOx isolated with non-ionic detergents appeared to be monomeric. Our data indicate in vivo a continuous transition between CytOx monomers and dimers via reversible phosphorylation. Increased intracellular calcium, as a consequence of stress, dephosphorylates and monomerises CytOx, whereas cAMP rephosphorylates and dimerises it. Only dimeric CytOx exhibits an "allosteric ATP-inhibition" which inhibits respiration at high cellular ATP/ADP-ratios and could prevent oxygen radical formation and the generation of diseases.